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Bonewit Chapt 2

Medical Asepsis & The OSHA Standard - Brooklyn Burns

aerobe a microorganism that needs oxygen to live and grow
anaerobe a microorganism that grows best in the absence of oxygen
antiseptic an agent that inhibits the growth of or kills microorganisms
asepsis free from infection or pathogens; the actions practiced to make and maintain an area or object free from infection or pathogens
cilia slender, hairlike projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove microorganisms from the body
contaminate to soil or to make impure
decontamination the use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate, or destroy pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious particles; the surface of item is rendered safe for handling, use, or disposal
hand hygiene the process of cleansing or sanitizing the hand
infection the condition in which the body, or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen
medical asepsis practices that are employed to reduce the number and hinder the transmission of pathogens
microorganism a microscopic plant or animal
nonintact skin skin that has a break in the surface; includes, but is not limited to, abrasions, cuts, hangnails, paper cuts and burns
nonpathogen a microorganism that does not normally produce disease
opportunistic infection an infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the environment
optimum growth temperature the temperature at which an organism grows best
parenteral taken into the body through the piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes, such as through needlesticks, human bites, cuts and abrasions
pathogen a disease producing microorganism
perinatal relating to the period shortly before and after birth
pH the degree to which a solution is acidic or basic
postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) treatment adminstered to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the disease
regulated medical waste medical waste that poses a threat to health and safety; abbreviated as RMW
reservoir host the organism that becomes infected by a pathogen and serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others
resident flora harmless, nonpathogenic microorganisms that normally reside on the skin and usually do not cause disease; also known as normal flora
susceptible easily affected; lacking resistance
transient flora microorganisms that reside on the superficial skin layers and are picked up in the course of daily activities; are often pathogenic but can be removed easily from the skin by sanitizing the hands
Created by: brooklynburns