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Bonewit chpt 2

Medical Aspesis And The OSHA Standards-Candace Oty

Aerobe A microorganism the needs oxygen to live and grow.
Anaerobe A microorganism the grows best in the absents of oxygen.
Antiseptic An agent that inhibits the growth of or kills microorganisms.
Asepsis Free from infection or pathogens; the action practiced to make and maintain an area or object free from infection and pathogen.
Cilia Slender, hairlike projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove microorganisms from the body.
Contamination To soil or to make impure. An aspetic object is contaminated when it touches something that is not clean.
Decontaminated t The use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactive, or destroy pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable to transmitting infectious particles; the surface or item is rendered safe fro handling use, or disposal
Hand Hygiene The process of cleaning or sanitizing the hands.
Infection The condition in which the body, or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen.
Medical asepsis Practices that are employed to reduce the number and hinder the transmission of pathogens.
Microorganism A microscopic plant or animal.
Non-intact skin Skin that has a break in the surface. It includes, but is not limited to abrasion, cuts, hangnials, paper cuts and burns
Non-pathogen A microorganism that does not normally produce disease.
Opportunistic infection An infection the results from a detective immune system that cannot defent the body from pathogens normally found in environments.
Optimum growth temperature The temperature at which an organism grows best.
Parenteral Taken into the body through piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes, such as through needlesticks, human bites , cuts, and abrasions.
Pathogen A disease-processing microorganism.
Perinatal Relating to the period shortly before and after birth.
pH The degree to which a solution is acidic or basic
Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) Treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infectious disease to prevent the disease.
regulated medical waste(RMW) Medical waste that poses a treat to health and safety.
Reservoir host The organism that becomes infected buy a pathogen and serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others.
Resident flora Harmless, non-pathogenic microorganism that normally reside on the skin and usually do not cause disease. Also known as normal flora
Susceptible Easily affected: lacking resistances
Transient flora Microorganism that reside on the superficial skin layer and are picked up in the course of daily activities. They are often pathogenic but can be removed easily from the skin by sanitizing the hands.
Created by: candaceoty