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free from infection or pathogens; the actions practiced to make & maintain an area or object free from infection or pathogens
an agent that inhibits the growth of or kills mo's
slender, hairlike projections that constantly beat toward the outside to remove mo's from the body
to soil or to make impure. An aseptic object becomes "this" when it touches something that is not clean
the use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate, or destroy pathogens on a surface or item to the point where they are no longer capable of transmitting infectious particals; the surface or item is rendered safe for handling, use or disposal.
the process of cleansing or sanitizing the hands.
the condition in which the body, or part of it, is invaded by a pathogen
practices that are employed to reduce the number & hinder the transmission of pathogens
a microscopic plant or animal
skin that has a break in the surface. It includes, but is not limited to, abrasions, cuts, hangnails, paper cuts, & burns
a mo that does not normally produce disease
an infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend the body from pathogens normally found in the enviornment
the temperature at which an organism grows best
Optimum Growth Temperature
taken into the body through the piercing of the skin barrier or mucous membranes, such as through needlesticks, human bites, cuts & abrasions
A disease producing MO
relating to the period shortly before & after birth
treatment administered to an individual after exposure to an infetious disease to prevent the disease
Postexposure Prophylaxis (PEP)
medical waste that poses a threat to health & safety
Regulated Medical Waste (RMW)
the organism that becomes infected by a pathogen & serves as a source of transfer of the pathogen to others.
harmless, nonpathogenic MO's that normally reside on the skin & usually do not cause diseas: also known as normal flora
easily affected; lacking resistance
MO's that reside on the superficial skin layers & are picked up in the course of daily activities. they are often pathogenic but can be removed easily from the skin by sanitizing the hands.