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Intro to Disease / Chapters 1

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Disease is   any deviation or interruption from any normal body function.  
Pathology is   the study of disease  
Pathogenesis means   the cause (creation) of disease  
Idiopathic means   pertaining to an unknown(idio) disease  
Etiology means   the study of the cause (what or why)  
Lesion means   any abnormal tissue  
Signs are   evidence of disease that can be seen  
Examples of signs include:   pyrexia(fever), leukocytosis,(elevated white blood cell count), or jaundice(yellowing of skin, or sclerae(plural- a/singular- white of eyes  
Symptoms are   evidence of disease that is felt by the patient  
Examples of Symptoms include:   lumbodynia(lower back pain), N&V(nausea & vomitting) or pruritus(itching)  
Syndrome means   a combination of signs and symptoms  
Dx (Diagnosis) means   the determination of the nature of a disease  
Px(prognosis) means   the predicted outcome of a disease  
Sequela means   the aftermath of a disease  
Acute means   a sudden onset AKA paroxysmal  
Chronic means   recurring and/or insidious(meaning slow to appear such as Ca(cancer) or AIDS(Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)  
Exacerbation means   to get worse or make worse  
Remission means   the signs and symptoms of a chronic disease subside  
Relapse means   a disease returns  
Complication means   a disease develops in a patient already suffering from another disease  
Terminal means   a disease that ends in death  
Mortality means   the number of deaths caused by a disease  
Palliative means   Relieving symptoms but not curing (example Motrin for headache)  
Homeostasis is   a steady state or balance that the body tries to maintain  


   






 
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