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Anatomy 120

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Question
Answer
The kidneys are retroperitonel, which means they are?   Behind the peritonel.  
The kidneys are cushioned by?   Fat  
The kidneys are held in place by by the   renal fascia  
The function of the renal fascia is to?   Hold the kidney in place.  
The renal fascia is made of what?   fiborous connective tissue.  
A ureter extends from what to what?   Kidney to the urinary bladder  
The urethra extends from what to what?   urinary bladder to the exterior  
The ureters takes urine from the kidney to to the what?   urinary bladder  
The what takes urine from the bladder to the exterior?   urethra  
The male urethra is enclosed by the prostate gland and the what?   penis  
The outer layer of the kidney tissue is called what?   renal cortex  
The inner layer of the kidney is called?   Renal medulla  
Renal pyramids and renal medulla are the same thing?   True  
The cavity on the medial side is called the?   renal pelvis  
What is located in the renal medulla?   loops of henle  
In calyces are part of the are part of the?   renal pelvis  
In the kidney the renal pelvis has a funnel shaped extension called?   calyces  
The renal pelvis empties urine into the?   ureter  
Urine is formed from?   blood plasma  
Two major parts of a nephron are?   renal corpuscle, renal tuble  
A renal corpuscle consist of?   glomerulus and Bowman's capsule  
a glomerulus is surrounded by   Bowmans Capsule  
a glomerulus is a network of?   capillaries  
A bowmans capsules has how many layers?   Two  
The Bowmans layer that is permeable layer is the?   inner  
The energy for renal filtration is provided by?   blood pressure  
What does not become part of the renal filtrate in the process of glomerular filtration?   blood cells and large proteins  
What may become part of filtration in the glomerular filtration?   water, waste products, and small proteins  
The processes of reabsorption and secretion take place in the what portion of the nephron?   renal tuble  
The renal tubles are surrounded by the?   peritubular capillaries  
What is reabsorbed by the process of active transport?   glucose, amino acids, vitamins,and positive ions,  
Water is reabsorbed by the process of?   osmosis  
Negative ions are reabsorbed by the process of?   passive transports  
Small proteins are reabsorbed by the process of?   pinocytosis  
In the proximal convoluted tuble, the surface area of the cells is increased by the presence of?   microvilli  
The renal artery is a branch of the?   abdominal aorta  
The renal vein carried blood to the?   inferior vena cava  
The hormone that directly increases the reabsorption of water is?   ADH  
The hormone that increases the excretion of sodium ions in water is?   ANP  
More water will excreted in the urine if ADH secretion decreases or increases?   Decreases  
The purpose of the renin-angiotensn mechanism is to?   raise blood pressure  
The retnal tubles are surrounded by the?   peritublar capillaries  
In the proximal conoluted tubule, the surface area of the cells is increased by the?   Microvilli  
The maximum amount of glucose that can be reabsorbed by the kidney tubules is called the?   threshold level  
The process of tubular secretion may include the nitrogenous waste product is?   filtrate  
The renal artery is a branch of the?   abdominal aorta  
The renal vein carried blood to the?   inferior vena cava  
The hormone that directly increases the reabsorption of water is?   ADH  
The effect ADH is to?   increase the reabsortion of water.  
The hormone that increases the excretion of sodium ions and water is?   aldosterone  
The hormone that increases the excretion of potassium ions and water is?   ANP  
The hormone that increases the reabsorption of calcium ions is?   PTH  
More water will be excreted in urine if what is decreased?   ADH secretion  
The kidneys respond to increased acidity of the blood by excreting?   hydrogen ions  
The kidneys respond to increased alkalinity of the blood by retaining?   hydrogen ions  
The part of the urinary bladder that expels urine is the   detrusor muscel  
The purpose of the rein-angiotensin mechanism is to?   raise blood pressure  
The internal urethral sphincter is usually contracted to prevent what?   outflow of urine  
The part of the CNS that is directly involved in the urination reflex is the?   spinal cord  
The stimulus for the urination reflex is stretching of the?   detrusor muscle  
As part of the urination reflex, the internal urethral does what?   Relaxes  
Voluntary control of the urination reflex is provided by the?   external urethral sphincter  
Normal urinary output per 24 hour is?   1 to 2 liters  
The normal pH range of urine is?   4.6 to 8.0  


   






 
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