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chapters 1-3

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Question
Answer
hyper-   excessive  
glyc/o   sugar  
-emia   a blood condition  
hyperglycema   a blood condition of excessive sugar  
hypo-   under, or deficiency  
derm/o   skin  
-ic   pertaining to  
bi-   two  
later/o   side(s)  
-al   pertaining to  
echo-   using sound  
cardi/o   heart  
-gram   a record  
hypodermic   pertaining to under the skin  
bilateral   pertaining to 2 sides  
echocardiogram   a record using sound of the heart  
echocardiograph   a machine used to record using sound of the heart  
echocardiography   the process of recording using sound of the heart  
electrocardiogram   a record of the electric activity of the heart  
-graph   the machine used to record  
-graphy   the process of recording  
electro-   the electrical activity  
micro-   small  
bi/o   life  
-logy   study of  
-ist   a specialist  
microbiologist   a specialist in the study of small life  
supra-   above  
ren/o   kidney  
epi-   above  
gastro/o   the stomach  
suprarenal   pretaining to above a kidney  
epigastric   pertaining to above the stomach  
nephr/o   kidney  
lith/o   stone(s)  
-iasis   abnormal condition  
nephrolithiasis   abnormal condition of kidney stone(s)  
electrocardiograph   machine used to record the electrical activity of the heart  
electrocardiography   the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart  
thromb/o   clot  
cyt/o   cell(s)  
-osis   abnormal condition  
thrombocytosis   abnormal condition of clot cell(s)  
pre-   before  
nat/i   birth  
prenatal   pertaining to before birth  
post-   after  
postnatal   pertaining to after birth  
prandi/o   meals  
a-   no  
men/o   menstrual  
nas/o   nose  
-rrhea   flow  
sub-   under  
postprandial   pertaining to after meals  
subnasal   pertaining to under the nose  
amenorrhea   no menstral flow  
intra-, endo-   within  
muscul/o   muscle  
-ar   pertaining to  
inter-   between  
vertebr/a   vertebrae AKA the spinal column (back bones)  
endo-, intra-   within  
retro-   behind  
trache/o   trachea AKA windpipe  
stern/o   sternum AKA the breast bone  
trans-   across or through  
urethr/o   urethra  
urethra   the tube that carrires urine from the urinary bladder to the outside world  
anti-   against  
bacteri/o   bacteria  
leuko-   white  
-penia   deficiency  
vascul/o   (blood) vessels  
multi-   many  
para-   live (viable) birth  
-ous   pertaining to  
arthr/o   joint  
-centesis   surgical puncture  
colon/o   the colon  
-scope   a usually lighted instrument used to view  
-scopy   the process of using a usually lighted instrument to view  
lapr/o   the abdomen  
append/o   appendix  
-ectomy   surgical removal (excision - the process of cutting out)  
excision   the process of cutting out  
hepat/o   liver  
-itis   inflammation  
rhin/o   nose  
-plasty   surgical repair  
mast/o   a breast  
-pexy   surgical fixation (surgically fix it so it does not move)  
splen/o   spleen  
-megaly   enlargement  
oste/o   bone  
-tome   an instrument to cut  
phleb/o   a vein  
-tomy   a surgical incision  
-stomy   a new arificial opeing  
cephal/o   the head  
-algia or -dynia   pain  
thorac/o   the thorax (chest)  
hem/o, or hemat/o   blood  
-lysis or -lytic   break up or destruction  
-emesis   vomiting  
herni/o   hernia  
-rrhaphy   suturing  
-cide   killing  
path/o   disease  
-gen   creation  
-ic   pertaining to  
carcin/o   cancerous  
-oma   tumor or mass  
acr/o   heights  
phob/o   fear  
-ia   a condition of  
therm/o   heat  
-meter   an instrument to measure  
pelv/i   pelvis  
-metry   the process of measuring  
angi/o, or vas/o   vessel  
-rrhexas   a rupture  
-spasm   an involuntary muscle contraction  
quadri-   (4)four (extremities)  
pleg/o   paralysis  
thyr/o   the thyroid  
-oid   resembling  
tox/o   poisoning  
dipl-   double  
-opia   vision  
lip/o   fat  
-tripsy   crushing  
phas/o   speech  
hepat/o   the liver  
dys-   difficult or painful  
phag/o   swallowing  
-cele   herniation  
neur/o   nerves  
-y   a condition  
arteri/o   artery (ies)  
-stenosis   narrowing  
blephar/o   an eyelid  
-plasia, or -trophy, or plasm   growth or development  
neo-   new  
hyper-   excessive  
hemi-, or semi-   right or left half (side) of the body  
circul/o   a circle  
uni-   one  
later/o   side  
poly-, or hyper-   excessive  
-uria   urination  
tri-   three  
angul/o   angles  
an- or a-   no  
esthesi/o   feeling or nervous sensation  
circum-, or peri-   around  
cis/o   cutting  
-ion   the process of  
oste/o   bone  
ex-   out  
hetero-   different  
sex/o   sexes  
-ual   pertaining to  
homo-   same  
brady-   slow  
card/o   heart  
tachy-   fast  
-pnea   breathing  
-ptosis   drooping or sagging  
-rrhage or -rrhagia   rapid flow  
contra-   against  
cept/o   conception  
medic/o   medicine  
audit/o   hearing  
cutane/o   skin  
acous/o   sound  


   






 
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