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03 regions and directionality

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

thoracic   chest region  
anterior   front of the body  
posterior   back of the body  
distal   away from the center or the origin  
proximal   pertaining to the beginning of a structure  
inferior   away from the head  
superior   toward the head  
lateral   pertaining to the side  
medial   pertaining to the middle  
supine   lying on the back  
prone   lying on the belly  
frontal plane   vertical plane dividing the body into an anterior and posterior portion  
sagittal plane   vertical plane dividing the body into right and left portions  
transverse plane   horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower portions  
coronal plane   divides body into front and back  
midsagittal plane   also known as the midline  
ventral   the front or belly side of the body  
dorsal   the back of the body or organ  
thoracic cavity   chest cavity  
abdominal cavity   contains the major organs of digestion  
pelvic cavity   contains the organs of the reproductive and excretory systems  
cervical   neck region  
axillary (not auxiliary)   armpits  
buccal   cheeks of the face  
fowler's position   head of bed is raised (semi sitting)  
organs in the RUQ   liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small and large intestines  
organs in the LUQ   liver, stomach, pancreas, spleen, small and large intestines  
organs in the LLQ   small and large intestines left ureters, ovary and fallopian tube, uterus  
organs in the RLQ   small and large intestines, appendix, right ureters, ovary and fallopian tube, uterus  
caud/o   tail or downward  
cephal/o   head or upward  
afferent   towards  
efferent   away  
deep   away from the surface  
superficial   near the surface  
prone   lying on the belly  
supine   lying on the back  
auricular   around ears  
axillary   under arm (PITS)  
buccal   between cheek and gums  
infraorbital   inside eye socket  
intrascapular   from scapula inward  
lumbar   lower back  
mammary   breast area  
mental   chin area  
orbital   eye socket area  


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Created by: cbiondillo