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03 principles direct

03 regions and directionality

TermDefinition
thoracic chest region
anterior front of the body
posterior back of the body
distal away from the center or the origin
proximal pertaining to the beginning of a structure
inferior away from the head
superior toward the head
lateral pertaining to the side
medial pertaining to the middle
supine lying on the back
prone lying on the belly
frontal plane vertical plane dividing the body into an anterior and posterior portion
sagittal plane vertical plane dividing the body into right and left portions
transverse plane horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower portions
coronal plane divides body into front and back
midsagittal plane also known as the midline
ventral the front or belly side of the body
dorsal the back of the body or organ
thoracic cavity chest cavity
abdominal cavity contains the major organs of digestion
pelvic cavity contains the organs of the reproductive and excretory systems
cervical neck region
axillary (not auxiliary) armpits
buccal cheeks of the face
fowler's position head of bed is raised (semi sitting)
organs in the RUQ liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small and large intestines
organs in the LUQ liver, stomach, pancreas, spleen, small and large intestines
organs in the LLQ small and large intestines left ureters, ovary and fallopian tube, uterus
organs in the RLQ small and large intestines, appendix, right ureters, ovary and fallopian tube, uterus
caud/o tail or downward
cephal/o head or upward
afferent towards
efferent away
deep away from the surface
superficial near the surface
prone lying on the belly
supine lying on the back
auricular around ears
axillary under arm (PITS)
buccal between cheek and gums
infraorbital inside eye socket
intrascapular from scapula inward
lumbar lower back
mammary breast area
mental chin area
orbital eye socket area
Created by: cbiondillo