Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads

The Language of Medicine Chapter 5 #2

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

pancreatic enzyme necessary to digest fats.   lipase  
a large organ located in the RUQ of the abdomen. It secretes bile; stores sugar, iron, and vitamins;produces blood proteins; and destroys worn out red blood cells. The normal adult liver weights about 2.5 to 3 pounds.   liver  
ring of muscles between the esophagus and the stomach. Also called cardiac sphincter   lower esophageal sphincter (LES)  
chewing   mastication  
the sixth, seventh, and eight teeth from the middle on either side of the dental arch. Premolar teeth are the fourth and fifth teeth, before the molars.   molar teeth  
roof of the mouth. The hard ______ lies anterior to the soft ______ and is supported by the upper jawbone (maxilla). The soft palate is the posterior fleshy part between the mouth and the throat.   palate  
organ under the stomach; produces insulin (for transport of sugar into cells) and enzymes (for digestion of foods).   pancreas  
small elevations on the tongue. It is a nipple-like elevation.   papillae (singular papilla)  
salivary gland within the cheek, just anterior to the ear.   parotid gland  
rhythmic contractions of the tubular organs. In the gastrointestinal tract, it moves teh contents thru at different rates; stomach, 0.5 to 2 hours; small intestine, 2 to 6 hours; and colon, 6 to 72 hours.   peristalsis  
throat, the common passageway for food from the mouth and for air from the nose.   pharynx  
large vein bringing blood to the liver from the intestines.   portal vein  
enzyme that digests protein   protease  
soft tissue within a tooth, containg nerves and blood vessels.   pulp  
ring of muscle at the end of the stomach, near the duodenum. From the Greek pyloros, meaning gatekeeper. It is normally closed, but opens when a wave of peristalsis passes over it.   pyloric spincter  
distal region of the stomach, opening to the duodenum.   pylorus  
last section of the large intestine, connecting the end of the colon and the anus.   rectum  
ridges on the hard palate and the wall of the stomach.   rugae  
digestive juice produced by salivary glands.   saliva  
parotid, sublingual, and submandibular glands.   salivary glands  
fourth and last, s shaped segment of the colon, just before the rectum; empties into the rectum   sigmoid colon  
circular ring of muscle that constricts a passage of closes a natural opening.   sphincter  
muscular organ that receives food from the esophagus. the stomash's parts are the fundus (proximal section), body (middle section), and antrum (distal section).   stomach  
fat molecules composed of three parts fatty acids and one part glycerol   triglycerides  
soft tissue hanging from the middle of the soft palate. the latin uva means bunch of grapes.   uvula  
microscopic projections in the wall of the small intestine that absorb nutrients into the bloodstream.   villi (singular: villus)  
an/o   anus  
append/0 appendic/o   appendix  
bucc/o buccal mucosa   cheek a mucosa is a mucous membrane lining cavities or canals that open to the outside of the body.  
cec/o   cecum  
celi/o   belly, abdomen  
cheil/o   lip  
cholecyst/o don't confuse cholecyst/o with cyst/o, which means urinary bladder!   gallbladder  
choledoch/o   common bile duct  
col/o   colon, large intestine  
colon/o   colon  
dent/i   tooth  
duoden/o   duodenum  
enter/o   intestines, usually small intestines  
esophag/o   esphagus  
faci/o   face  
gastr/o   stomach  
gingiv/o   gums  
gloss/o   tongue  
hepat/o   liver  
ile/o   ileum  
jejun/o   jejunum  
labi/o   lip  
lapar/o   abdomen  
lingu/o   tongue  
mandibul/o   lower jaw, mandible  
odont/o   tooth  
or/o   mouth  
palat/o   palate  
pancreat/o   pancreas  
peritone/o   peritoneum  
pharyng/o   throat  
proct/o   anus and rectum  
pylor/o   pyloric sphincter  
recgt/o   rectum  
sialaden/o   salivary gland  
sigmoid/o   sigmoid colon  
stomat/o   mouth  
uvul/o   uvula  
amyl/o   starch  
bil/i   gall, bile  
bilirubin/o   bilirubin (bile pigment)  
chol/e   gall, bile  
chlorhydr/o   hydrochloric acid  
gluc/o   sugar  
glyc/o   sugar  
glycogen/o   glycogen, animal starch  
lip.o   fat, lipid  
lith/o   stone  
prote/o   protein  
sial/o   saliva, salivary  
steat/o   fat  
-ase   enzyme  
-chezia   defecation, elimiation of wastes  
-iasis   abnormal condition  
-prandial   meal  
anorexia -orexia anorexia nervosa   Lack of appetite. appetite loss of appetite associated with emotional problems such as anger, anxiety, and irrational fear of weight gain.  
ascites   Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen. This condiiton occurs with fluid passes from the bloodstream and collecgts in the peritoneal cavity.  
borborymus (plural: borborygmi)   Rumbling or gurgling noise produced by the movement of gas, fluid, or both in the gastrointestinal trac.  
constipation   difficulty in passing stools (feces).  
diarrhea   frequent passage of loose, watery stools.  
dysphagia   difficulty in swallowing  
eructation   gas expelled from the stomach through the mouth.  
flatus   gas expelled through the anus. flatulence is the presence of excessive gas in the stomach and the intestines.  
hematochezia   passage of fresh, bright red blood from the rectum. the cause of hematochezia usually is bleeding due to colitis or from ulcers or polyps in the colon or rectum.  
jaundice (icterus)   yellow-orange coloration of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood (hyperbilirubinemia).  
melena   black, tarry stools; feces containing digested blood.  
nausea   unpleasant sensation in the stomach associated wtih a tendency to vomit.  
steatorrhea   fat in the feces; frothy, foul-smelling fecal matter.  
aphthous stomatitis   inflammation of the mouth with small, painful ulcers. commonly called canker sores...cause unknown.  
dental caries   tooth decay.  
herpetic stomatitis   inflammation of the mouth cause by infecgtion with the herpesvirus.  
oral leukoplakia   white plaques or patches on the mucosa of the mouth.  
peridontal disease   inflammation and degeneration of gums, teeth, and surrounding bone. gengivitis occurs as a result of accumulation of dental plaque and dental calculus or tarter.  
achalasia   falure of the lower esophagus sphincter (LES) muscle to relax.  
esophageal cancer   malignant tumor of the esophagus.  
esophageal varices   swollen varicose veins @ the lower end of sophagus. Liver disease (such as cirrhosis &chronic hepatitis) causes increased pressure in veins near and around the liver (portal hypertension)-leads to enlarges, tortuous esponageal veins w danger of hemorage.  
gastric cancer   malignant tumor of the stomach.  
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)   solids and fluids return to the mnouth from the stomach.  
hernia   protrusion of an organ or part through the musckle normaly containing it.  
peptic ulcer   open sore in the lining of the stomach or duodenum.  
anal fistula   abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus.  
colonic polyps   benign growths protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon.  
colrectal cancer   adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum, or both.  
crohn disease   chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract.  
diverticulosis   abnormal outpouchings in the intestinal wall.  
dysentery   painful, inflamed intestines commonly caused by bacterial infection.  
hemorrhoids   swollen, twisted, varicosde veins in the rectal region.  
ileus   loss of peristalsis with resulting obstruction of the intestines.  
intussusception   telescoping of the intestines.  
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)   group of gastronintestinal symptoms associated with stress and tension.  
ulcerative coligtis   chronic inflammation of the colon with presence of ulcers.  
volvulus   twisting of the intestine on itself.  
cholelithiasis   gallstones in the gallbladder. calculi=stones. biliary colic=pain from blocked cystic or common bile duct. .  
cirrhosis   chronic degenerative disease of the liver.  
pancreatic cancer   malignant tumor of the pancreas.  
pancreatitis   inflammation of the pancreas  
viral hepatitis   inflammation of the liver caused by a virus.  


Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how
Created by: lauraj5