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health chapters 10

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Give an example of a way in which a person's cultural background could influence that person's food choices.   Jewish are not allowed to eat an animal that doesn't have split hooves.  
List the 6 basic nutrients   carbohydrates, water, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals  
how much of your daily calories should come from fat?   less than 25- 35%  
how does fiber benefit your body?   it moves waste through digestive system, promotes fullness, prevents overeating, reduces heart disease and type II diabetes  
why is it dangerous to consume too much of a fat-soluble?   fat-soluble vitamins are stored in body fat, where they can build up to toxic levels  
why does you body need more water when you are active?   to replace what you lose through sweat  
your body uses carbohydrates by breaking them down into ______.   sugar  
what's the body's main source of energy?   carbohydrates  
consuming saturated fats and trans fats can increase the levels of ________ in your blood   cholesterol  
what are the elements found in foods that are used by the body?   minerals  
which food group band in MyPyramid is the largest?   grains  
which method of preparation tends to make food high in fat?   frying  
______ may be used to keep food fresh longer, to boost nutrient content, or improve its taste, texture, or appearance   food additives  
it is important to clean utensils and surfaces carefully to prevent ____, the spread of pathogens from one food to another   cross-contamination  
what are the 4 steps in food safety?   clean, separate, cook, chill  
what are the 5 basic food groups?   grains, veggies, fruits, milk, meat and beans  
compare and contrast nutrients   nutrients are the substances your body needs. nutrition is the process in which your body takes in food and uses it  
healthy foods can help reduce the risk of what 5 chronic diseases?   cardiovascular disease, certain cancers, stroke, osteoporosis, type II diabetes.  
what are the 6 environmental influences of what you choose to eat?   family, culture, friends, time, money, advertising  
know the roles of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.   carbs.- main source of energy. proteins- build and maintain cells and tissues. fats- concentrated form of energy  
what health risks are associated with being overweight   heart disease, cancer, asthma, osteoarthritis, gall bladder disease, type II diabetes  
what might cause teens to have a negative body image?   being picked on at school, because of the way you look  
why are fad diets generally not safe or reliable?   any weight lost is usually regained, and they may not provide adequate energy or nutrients for the body.  
the process by which your body takes in and uses food   nutrition  
substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply yourself with energy   nutrients  
a unit of heat used to measure the energy your body uses and the energy it receives from food   calorie  
the natural physical drive to eat, prompted by the body's need for food   hunger  
the psychological desire for food   appetite  
starches and sugars found in foods, which provide your body's main source of energy   carbohydrates  
a tough complex carbohydrate that the body cannot digest   fiber  
nutrients the body uses to build and maintain its cells and tissues   protein  
a waxy, fat-like substance   cholesterol  
compounds found in food that help regulate many body processes   vitamins  
elements found in food that are used by the body   minerals  
a condition in which the bones become fragile and break easily   osteoporosis  
a set of recommendations about smart eating and physical activity for all americans   dietary guideline for americans  
mypyramid   and interactive guide to healthful and active living  
a high ratio of nutrients to calories   nutrient-dense  
substances added to food to produce a desired effect   food additives  
food poisoning   foodborne illness  
treating a substance with heat to kill or slow the growth of pathogens   pateurization  
the spreading of pathogens from one food to another   cross-contamination  
a condition in which the body's immune system react to substances in some foods   food allergy  
a negative reaction to food that doesn't involve the immune system   food intolerance  
the process by which the body breaks down substances and gets energy from food   metabolism  
a measure of body weight relative to height   body mass index (BMI)  
heavier than the standard weight range for you height   overweight  
having an excess of body fat   obese  
below the standard weight range for your height   underweight  
the way you see you body   body image  
weight-loss plans that tend to be popular for only a short time   fad diets  
a repeated pattern of losing and regaining body weight   weight cycling  
extreme, harmful eating behaviors that can cause serious illness or even death   eating disorders  
an eating disorder in which an irrational fear of weight gain leads people to starve themselves   anorexia nervosa  
an eating disorder that involves cycles of overeating and purging, or attempt to rid the body of food   bulimia nervosa  
an eating disorder in which people overeat compulsively   binge eating disorder  
a person who eats mostly or only plant-base foods   vegetarian  
products that supply one or more nutrients as a supplement to, not a substitute for, healthy foods   dietary supplements  
substances that boost athletic ability   performance enhancers  
dietary supplements containing plant extracts   herbal supplements  
very large amounts   mega doses  


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