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Hillcrest Transcription, Case # 5 The Urinary System

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

atrophy   a wasting away; a reduction in the size of cell, tissue, organ or tother body part due to a variety of factors such as malnutrition an/or ischemia  
autonomic   self-controlling, self-governing; functionally independent  
Bactrim DS   trade name for a conbination antibiotic and sulfonamide anti-infective used for urinary tract, respiratory tract, and ear infections  
bruit   a sound or murmur heard on ascultation, especially an abnormal one; primaryly used in the plural, buits  
BUN   abbreviation for blood urea nitrogn (a laboratory test done on blood)  
carotid   the main artery on eiether side of the neck that supplies blood to the head and neck  
CBC   abbreviation for complete blood count  
cholecystectomy   surgical removal of the gallbladder  
copora anylacea   small hyaline masses of degenerate cells found in the prostate (sing, copus amylaceum)  
creatinine   a waste product of protein metabolism excreted in the urine; a blood test to check kidney function  
cystourethroscope   an instrument for examining the urinary bladder and posterior urethra  
cystourethroscopy   process of visually examining the urinary blader and posterior urethra  
diverticulum   an abnormal, cirumscribed pouch or sac in the intestinal wall (pl. diverticula)  
dysuria   painful or difficult urination  
efflux   a flowing out of emanating  
electrocardiogram (EKG)   a graphic tracing of the electrical changes in heart muscle (sometimes abbreviated ECG)  
Foley catheter   a catheter placed int the bladder and retained by a balloon for the urpose of draining urine from the baldder, trade name  
French scale   a scale used for indication the sized of catheters and other tubular instrucments, based on a measurement of each unit being approximately equvalent to 0.33 mm in diameter i.e. 1 mm= #3 French  
gastrointesinal (GI)   pertaining to the stocmach and intestine  
granuloma (sing)   a tumorlike mass or nodule consisting of granulation tissue (pl. granulomata)  
granulomatous   composed of graulomata  
hyperplasia   an abnormal increase in the number of cells in a tissue or organ  
hypotension   abnormally low blood pressure  
Hytrin   trande name for terazosin, an anthypertensive drug  
induration   the quality of tissue or an organ being hard; the processs of hardening  
indwell   to dwell in ; reside within  
lithiasis   the fromation of calculi or mineral concretion (solidified masses) within the body  
lithotomy   incision of a duct or organ, often the urinary bladder, for removal of caculi (stones)  
optic fundi   pertaining to the back of the interior of the eyes  
orifice   the opening of any cavity in the body  
orthostatic   pertaining to or caused by and upright position  
prostate   a gland in the male that surrounds the neck of the ruinary bladder and the urethra  
prothrombin   a factor in the blood plasma that combines with calcium to form thrombin during blood clotting  
PTT   partial trhomboplasin time; one laboratory test to determine how fast the blood clots  
rale (Fr)   an abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation, indicatin some pathologic condition; primarily used int he plural form; rales  
renal   pertaining to the kidney  
resect   to surgially remove part of an organ or tissue  
resectoscope   an endoscopic instrument used for transurethral removal or biopsy of lesion of bladder, prstate, or urethra  
sphincter   a ring-sahped muscle that can open or close a natural orifice by expanding or contracting.  
splenomegaly   enlarment of the spleen  
stroma   the supporting tissue fo an organ, as distinguised from its functional element  
trabeculate   marked with cross bars  
trabeculation   the formation of trabeculae (strands of connective tissue) in a part  
transurethral resection (TUR)   a surgical procedure to relieve urinary obastruction by reaming out the enlarmed part of the gland that is encroaching on the urethra an dblocking the outflow or urine  
van Buren sounds   surgical instruments used to dilate a structure or to detect a foreign body, name after Dr. William va Buren  
void (V)   to eliminate a waste matter  
Wheeze   and abnormal wishtling sound made during respiration  


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