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infection control wk 1 test

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Tissue   group of similar cells arranged with intercellular substances between them specialized to perform a particular function  
One word to describe anatomy   structure  
one word to describe physiology   function  
Anatomical postition   erected position of the body with face directed forward, arms at side, and palms of hands directed forward  
proximal   toward the beginning  
external/ superficial   on or close to the outside of the body  
distal   toward the end  
anterior/ ventral   front or belly side  
internal/ deep   on the inside of body  
lateral   toward the side of the body or away from the midline  
medial   midline or closer to the midline of the body  
posterior/ dorsal   backside of the body  
superior   toward the head  
inferior   farther away from the head  
caudal   refers to tail or tail end  
palmar   the front or palm of hands  
what does the dorsal cavity contain   cranial and spinal cavity  
what does the cranial cavity contain   brain and pituitary gland  
what does the spinal cavity contain   spinal cord  
what cavity is under the dorsal cavity   ventral caviy  
what cavities does the ventral cavity contain?   pleural cavity (2), pericardial cavity, medistinal space  
what does the plueral cavity contain   lungs  
what does the pericaridial cavity contain   heart  
what does the mediastinal space contain   thymus gland, trachea, esophagus, bronchi, ends of 2 vena cavae, beginning of aorta, and heart  
where does the diaphragm sit   between the pleural cavity and sternum  
what 2 cavities are in the abdominopelvic cavity   abdominal and pelvic  
what does the abdominal cavity contain   stomach, liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, most of small intestine  
what does the pelvic cavity contain   urinary bladder, female/ male sex organs, part of large intestin, cecum, appendix, rectum  
what is located in the right upper quadrant   gallbladder, right kidney, bile ducts, most of the liver  
what is located in the right lower quadrant   sex organs, cecum, lower right ureter, appendix  
what is located in the left upper quadrant   spleen, left kidney,  
what is loacted in the left lower quadrant   lower part of the ureter, sex organs,  
order of body structure from simplest to complex   cell- tissue- organ- organ system- organism  
order of body structure using examples   cell- cardiac tissue- heart- circulatory system- me  
ultimate goal of an organism   survive  
3 basic activities for life of an organism   movement, metabolism, reproduction  
how much of the body is liquid   60%  
how much of the body is solid   40%  
fluids are found in how many compartments in the body   2  
outside of the cell means   extracellular  
inside of the cell mean   intracellular  
covers body, protects against injury, disease, and infection. regulates temperature excretion of waste   integumentary system  
provides frame work for body and works to protect and support the body   skeletal system  
provides movement and support   muscular system  
coordinates body activities by receiving, interpreting, and conducting messages from other systems   nervous system  
functions in recieving special sensations...sight, smell, hearing, taste   special sense system  
recieves, digests, and absorbs food substances and excretes waste products   digestive system  
transports materials throughtout the body by carrying oxygen and nutrients in the blood to all cells of the body and carrying away the waste products from the cells   circulatory system  
takes in oxygen from the air and gives off carbon dioxide that is produced by cell metabolism   respiratory system  
serves in the removal of waste products from blood excreted in the form of urine   urinary system  
skin, hair, nails, and glands   integumentary system  
bones, joints, cartilage, and connective tissue   skeletal system  
skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscles   muscular system  
brain, spinal cord and all peripheral nerves   nervous system  
eye, ear, nose and taste buds   special sense system  
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine   digestive system  
heart, blood vessels, blood, and lymphatic tissues   circulatory system  
male/female sex organs and ducts to the outside   repoductive system  
all of the ductless glands   endocrine system  
upper respiratory tract, lungs   respiratory system  


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