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VASOM Study Guide for Endocrine and Reproductive System

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Answer
Diabetes Insipidus   Hyposecretion of ADH  
Osteoporosis   Hyposecretion of Estrogen  
Hypercalcemia   Hyposecretion of Calcitonin  
The Posterior Pituitary Gland is AKA   The neurohypophysis  
A Hormone that stimulates another endocrine gland to grow and secrete it's hormones   A Tropic Hormone  
T3 and T4 cannot be released w/o this   Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)  
ACTH is   Adrenocorticotropic Hormone  
This hormone stimulates the development of and egg follicle in women and sperm cells in men   The Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)  
This hormone stimulates the development of corpus luteum   The Luteinizing Hormone (LH)  
The function of the endocrine system   Communication and control to maintain homeostasis  
The glands that release their substances through ducts into cavities or onto surfaces   Exocrine glands  
This gland produces ADH and Oxytocin   The Hypothalimus  
Another name for tissue hormones   Prostaglandins  
This mechanism amplifies changes in response to a stimulus   Positive Feedback Mechanism  
Gland that produces most of the hormones in the endocrine system   Anterior Pituitary Gland  
Hormones that are released by the posterior Pituitary Gland   ADH and Oxytocin  
Hormone that stimulates breast development during pregnancy   Prolactin  
Hormone that affects the skin and the Adrenal Cortex   Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (MSH)  
Hormone that promotes normal development of all body cells in children   The Growth Hormone (GH)  
Organ affected by ADH   Kidneys  
Organ(s) affected by Melatonin   Ovaries and Optic Nerve  
These protien hormones deliver to cell membrane receptors via "lock and key" mechanisms   First Messengers  
Class of hormones requiring a second messenger   Protien Hormones  
The "G" protien changes __?__ into cAMP   ATP  
A second messenger that delivers info inside the cell that regulates the cell's activities   cAMP  
Hypoglycemia   Hypersecretion of Insulin  
Hormone class that does not require a second messenger   Steroid Hormone  
Organ(s) affected by Thymosin   All organs of the immune system  
Organ(s) affected by Glucagon   The Liver  
Organ(s) affected by Oxytocin   The Uterus and Breasts  
Graves Disease is the:   Hypersecretion of T3 and T4  
The "stress effects" are caused by:   Hypersecretion of epinephrine and norepinephrine  
Increased water retention is caused by   Hypersecretion of aldosterone (mineralocorticoids)  
Hypersecretion of the APP releases too much   Releasing and Inhibiting Hormones  
The maculinizing hormone   Testosterone  
The 3 parts of sperm   Head, Midpiece, and Tail  
The Bulbourethral Gland is AKA   The Cowper's Gland  
An organ consisting of 2 dorsal columns called corpora cavernosa and 1 ventral column called corpus spongiosm   The Penis  
Sperm are formed in the   Seminiferous Tubules  
The primary organ of the female reproductive system   The Ovaries  
A woman's first period   Menarche  
Hormone that stimulates uterine contractions   Oxytocin  
The immature stage of a female sex cell   Oocyte  
The layers of the uterus from inside out   Endometrium, Myometrium, and Perimetrium  
Structure that releases mostly progesterone and small amounts of estrogen   The Corpus Luteum  
The 2 organs that produce androgens   The Testes and Adrenal Cortex  
The "Turkish Saddle" is AKA   The Sella Tursica  
The pine-cone shaped gland located in the brain   The Pineal Gland  
Structure that releases Chorionic Hormones   The Placenta  
Diabetes Mellitis is caused by   Hyposecretion of insulin  
Addison's Disease is caused by   Hyopsecretion of Glucocorticoid Hormones (Cortisol)  


   






 
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