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Chapter 1

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

aden/o   gland  
arthr/o   joint  
bi/o   life  
carcin/o   cancerous, cancer  
cardi/o   heart  
cephal/o   head  
cerebr/o   cerebrum (largest part of the the brain)  
cis/o   to cut  
crin/o   to secrete (to form and give off)  
cyst/o   urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid)  
cyt/o   cell  
derm/o   skin  
dermat/o   skin  
electr/o   electricity  
encephal/o   brain  
enter/o   intestines (usually the small intestines)  
erythr/o   red  
gastr/o   stomach  
gnos/o   knowledge  
gynec/o   woman, female  
hemat/o   blood  
hem/o   blood  
heato/o   liver  
iatr/o   treatment, physician  
leuk/o   white  
nephr/o   kidney  
neur/o   nerve  
onc/o   tumor  
ophtalm/o   eye  
oste/o   bone  
path/o   disease  
ped/o   child  
psycho/o   mind  
radi/o   x-rays  
ren/o   kidney  
rhin/o   nose  
sarc/o   flesh  
sect/o   to cut  
thromb/o   clot, clotting  
ur/o   urinary tract, urine  
-ac   pertaining to  
-al   pertaining to  
-algia   pain  
-cyte   cell  
-ectomy   excision, removal  
-emia   blood condition  
-genic   pertaining to, producing, produced by, or produced in  
-globin   protein  
-gram   record  
-ic, -ical   pertaining to  
-ion   process  
-ist   specialist  
-itis   inflammation  
-logy   process of study  
-oma   tumor, mass, swelling  
-opsy   process of viewing  
-osis   condition, usually abnormal (slight increase in numbers when used with blood cells)  
-pathy   disease condition  
-scope   instrument to visually examine  
-scopy   process of visually examining with a scope  
-sis   state of; condition  
-tomy   process of cutting, incision  
-y   process, conditon  
a-,an-   no, not, without  
aut-, auto-   self, own  
dia-   through, complete  
end-, endo-   within  
epi-   above, upon  
ex-   out  
exo-   outside of, outward  
hyper-   excessive, above, more than normal  
hypo-   deficient, below, under, less than normal  
in-   into, in  
peri-   surrounding, around  
pro-   before, forward  
re-   back, backward, again  
retro-   behind  
sub-   below, under  
trans-   across, through  


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