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The Nutrients

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compounds in food that the body requires for proper growth, maintenace, and funstioning.   Nutrients  
too little of one or more nutrients in the diet; a form of malnutrition.   Nutrient Deficiencies  
the results in the body of poor nutrition; undernutrition, ovenutrition or any nutrient deficiency.   Malnutrition  
too little food energy or too few nutrients to prevent disease or to promote growth; a form of malnutrition   Undernutrition  
too much food energy or excess nutrients to the degree of causing disease or increasing risk of disease; a form of malnutrition   Overnutrition  
Two Servings   Milk, yogurt and cheese group. Meat, fish, dry beans and nuts group. Fruit Group.  
Three Servings From:   Vegetable group  
Six Servings From:   bread, cereal, rice, and pasta group.  
a class of nutrients made of sugars; these nutrients include sugar, starch and fiber. All but fiber provide energy.   Carbohydrates  
a class of nutrients that does not mix with water. Fat is mostly of fatty acids. which provide energy to the body.   Fat  
a class of nutrients that builds body tissues and supplies energy. Protein is made of amino acids.   Protein  
essential nutrients that do not yield energy, but that are required for growth and proper functioning of the body.   Vitamins  
elements of the earth needed in the diet, which preform many functions in the body tissues.   Minerals  
the capatirty to do work or produce heat.   Energy  
the body's blood sugar; a simple form of carbohydrate.   Glucose  
simple forms of fat that supply energy fuel for most of the body's cells.   fatty acids  
simple forms of protein normally used to build tissues or, under some conditions, burned for energy   amino acids  
a poison   toxin  
units used to measure energy. Calories indicate how much energy in a food can be used by the body or stored in body fat   Calories  
the form in which the liver and muscles store glucose   glycogen  
a brain regulatory center.   hypothalamus  
a meal with foods to provide the right amount of carbohydrates, fat and protein   balanced meal.  
the breaking down of food into nutrients the body can use.   digestion  
a carboydrate, the main food energy source of humans   starch  
indigestable substances in foods, made mostly of carbohydrates.   fiber  
carbohydrates found both in food and in the body.   sugars  
hard, slow stools that are difficult to eliminatel often a result of too little fiber in the diet.   constipation  
swollen, painful rectal veins; often a result of constipation   hemorrhoids  
the last part of the digestive tract, throught which stools are eliminated   rectum  
a popular term referring to foods that contribute too much energy (calories) but too little of the nutrients   empty calories  
concerning fats and helath, those fats associate strongly with heart and artery disease; mainly fats from animal sources   saturated  
concerning fats and health, fats less associated with heart amnd arety disease, mainly fats from plant sources   unsaturated  
a type of unsaturated fat, useful as a replacement for saturated fat in a heart-healthy diet.   polyunsaturated  
a type of fat made by the body from saturated fat; minor part of fat in foods   cholesterol  
units of weight in which nutrients are measured   grams  
amino acids that are needed but cannot be made by the body, must be eaten in foods   essential amino acids  
people who omit meat, fish, poultry for their diets   vegetarians  
a pill, powder, liquid or the like containing oly nutrients not food   suppplement  
too little of a nutrient in the body, Severe deficiences cause diseases   deficiency  
a chemist's team meaning "able to dissolve in fat"   fat-soluble  
able to dissolve in water   water-soluble  
slow recovery of vision after flashes of bright light at night. Vitamin A deficiency.   night blindness  
a chemical that can stop the destructive chain reactions of free radicals.   Antioxidant  
an orange vegetable pigment that the body can change into active form of vitamin A.   beta-carotene  
chemicals that harm the body's tissues by starting destructive chain reactions in the molecules of the body's cells.   free radicals  
a disease of gradual bone loss. which can cripple people later in life.   Osteoporosis  
reduced number or size of the red blood clls   anemia  
minerals essential in nutrition, needed in small amounts daily. Iron and Zinc are examples   electrolytes  
a compound made of minerals that in water dissolve and form electrolytes   salt  
high blood pressure   hypertension  
fluid wastes removed from the body by the kidneys   urine  


   






 
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Created by: phillisrussell