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Respiratory System

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

nas/o   nose  
rhin/o   nose  
sept/o   septum  
sinus/o   sinus, cavity  
adenoid/o   adenoids  
tonsill/o   tonsils  
pharyng/o   pharynx  
epiglott/o   epiglottis  
laryng/o   larynx  
trache/o   trachea  
bronchi/o   bronchus  
bronch/o   bronchus  
bronchiol/o   bronchiole  
alveol/o   alveolus; air sac  
pleur/o   pleura  
pneum/o   air; lung  
anthrac/o   coal, coal dust  
atel/o   incomplete; imperfect  
coni/o   dust  
cyan/o   blue  
lob/o   lobe  
orth/o   straight  
ox/i   oxygen  
ox/o   oxygen  
pector/o   chest  
steth/o   chest  
thorac/o   chest  
pulmon/o   lung  
pneumon/o   air; lung  
phren/o   diaphragm; mind  
spir/o   breathe  
-capnia   carbon dioxide (CO2)  
-osmia   smell  
-phonia   voice  
-pnea   breathing  
-ptysis   spitting  
-thorax   chest  
brady-   slow  
dys-   bad; painful; difficult  
eu-   good, normal  
tachy-   rapid  
Excessive acidity of body fluids   acidosis  
Temporary loss of breathing   apnea  
Sleeping disorder in which breathing stops repeatedly for more than 10 seconds   sleep apnea  
Collapsed or airless state of the lung   atelectasis  
Head cold; upper respiratory infection (URI)   coryza  
Abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation; also called rale   crackle  
Displacement of cartilage deviding the nostrils   deviated nasal septum  
Nosebleed; nasal hemorrhage   epistaxis  
Acute infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound   pertussis  
Disease caused by inhaling dust particles, ie. coal, stone, iron and asbestos particles   pneumoconiosis  
Inflammation of the pleural membrane - stabbing pain intensified by coughing   pleurisy  
Completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently normal, healthy infant (-12 mos.)   sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)  
Noninvasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin (Hb) saturated with oxygen; also called pulse oximetry   oximetry  
Multiple tests used to elevate the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air as well as perform gas exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane   pulmonary function tests (PFTs)  
Measurement of ventilatory ability by assessing lung capacity and flow, including the time necessary for exhaling the total volume of inhaled air   spirometry  
Visual examination of the bronchi using an endoscope inserted through the mouth and trachea for direct viewing of structures or for projection on a monitor   bronchoscopy  
Visual examination of the mediastinal structures including the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus, and lymph nodes   mediastinoscopy  
Test that measures partial pressure of oxygen, carbon dioxide, pH, and bicarbonate level of an arterial blood sample   arterial blood gas (ABG)  
Microbial test used to identify disease-causing organisms of the lower respiratory tract, especially those that cause pneumonias   sputum culture  
Test used to identify pathogens, especially group A streptococci   throat culture  
Nuclear scanning test primarily used to detect pulmonary emboli   lung scan  
Reconstructive surgery of the nose to correct deformities or for cosmetic purposes   rhinoplasty  
Surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity   thoracentesis  
Block histamines from binding with histamine receptor sites in tissues   antihistamines  
Relieve or suppress coughing by blocking the cough reflex in the medulla of the brain   antitussives  
Stimulate bronchial muscles to relas, thereby expanding air passages, resulting in increased air flow   bronchodilators  
Act on the immune system by blocking production of substances that trigger allergic and inflammatory actions   corticosteroids  
Constrict blood vessels or nasal passages and limit blood flow, which causes swollen tissues to shrink so that air can pass more freely through the passageways   decongestants  
Liquify respiratory secretions so that they are more easily dislodged during coughing episodes   expectorants  
ABG   arterial blood gas(es)  
AP   anteroposterior  
ARDS   acute respiratory distress syndrome  
CO 2   carbon dioxide  
COPD   chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  
CPAP   continuous positive airway pressure  
CPR   cardiopulmonary resuscitation  
DPT   diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus  
EEG   electroencephalogram  
Hb, Hgb   hemoglobin  
Hx   history  
0 2   oxygen  
PFT   pulmonary function test  
pH   symbol for degree of acidity or alkalinity  
PND   paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea  
RDS   respiratory distress syndrome  
SIDS   sudden infant death syndrome  
SOB   shortness of breath  
T & A   tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy  
TB   tuberculosis  
TPR   temperature, pulse, and respiration  
URI   upper respiratory infection  
VC   vital capacity  
CXR   chest X-ray  
Wheezing, shortness of breath and/or cough - in some cases the attachs become continuous - MAY BE FATAL   status asthmaticus  
Inability of cardio & respiratory systems to function properly and exchange C02 in lungs   respiratory failure  
High-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airway   stridor  


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