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Terminology

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Question
Answer
aden/o   gland  
epitheli/o   epithelium  
hist/o   tissue  
lip/o   fat  
cyt/o   cell  
fibr/o   fiber  
kary/o   nucleus  
my/o   muscle  
neur/o   nerve  
sarc/o   flesh, connective tissue  
viscer/o   internal organs  
eti/o   cause (of disease)  
organ/o   organ  
system/o   system  
cancer/o, carcin/o   cancer  
gno/o   knowledge  
iatr/o   physician, medicine (also means treatment)  
onc/o   tumor, mass  
rhabd/o   rod-shaped, striated  
chlor/o   green  
lei/o   smooth  
path/o   disease  
somat/o   body  
chrom/o   color  
cyan/o   blue  
erythr/o   red  
leuk/o   white  
melan/o   black  
xanth/o   yellow  
dia-   through, complete  
dys-   painful, abnormal, difficult, labored  
hyper-   above, excessive  
hypo-   below, incomplete, deficient  
meta-   after, beyond, change  
neo-   new  
pro-   before  
-al, -ic, -ous   pertaining to  
-cyte   cell  
-gen   substance or agent that produces or causes  
-genesis   origin, cause  
-genic   producing, originating, causing  
-logist   one who studies and treats (specialist, physician)  
-logy   study of  
-oid   resembling  
-oma   tumor, swelling  
-osis   abnormal condition  
-pathy   disease  
-plasia   condition of formation, development, growth  
-plasm   growth, substance, formation  
-sarcoma   malignant tumor  
-sis   state of  
-stasis   control, stop, standing  
arthr   joint  
What is the term for "inflammation of a joint"?   arthritis  
What is the term for "disease of a joint"?   arthropathy  
What is the term for "pertaining to the liver"?   hepatic  
What is the term for "pertaining to under the liver"?   subhepatic  
What is the term for "pertaining to within the vein"?   intravenous  
What is the term for "inflammation of the bone"?   osteitis  
What is the term for "inflammation of the liver"?   hepatitis  
What is the term for "disease of the bone and joint"?   osteoarthropathy  
What is the term for "enlargement of the liver"?   hepatomegaly  
The structure of the human body falls into what four categories?   cells, organs, tissues, systems  
adenocarcinoma   cancerous tumor of glandular tissue  
adenoma   tumor composed of glandular tissue (benign)  
carcinoma (Ca)   cancerous tumor (malignant)  
chloroma   tumor of green color (malignant, arising from myeloid tissue)  
epithelioma   tumor composed of epithelium (may be benign of malignant)  
fibroma   tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue) (benign)  
fibrosarcoma   malignant tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue)  
leiomyoma   tumor composed of smooth muscle (benign)  
leiomyosarcoma   malignant tumor of smooth muscle  
lipoma   tumor composed of fat (benign tumor)  
liposarcoma   malignant tumor of fat  
melanocarcinoma   cancerous black tumor (malignant)  
melanoma   black tumor (primarily of the skin)  
myoma   tumor composed of muscle (benign)  
neoplasm   new growth (of abnormal tissue or tumor)  
neuroma   tumor composed of nerve (benign)  
rhabdomyoma   tumor composed of striated muscle (benign)  
rhabdomyosarcoma   malignant tumor of striated muscle  
sarcoma   tumor of connective tissue (such as bone or cartilage) (highly malignant)  
What is the basic unit of all living things?   cell  
What is a type of connective tissue?   bone  
What are regions within the chromosome?   genes  
What covers the external body surface, and lines body cavities and organs?   epithelial tissue  
What is the gel-like fluid inside a cell?   cytoplasm  
What contains chromosomes?   nucleus  
What coordinates body activities?   nerve tissue  
What usually produces movement?   muscle tissue  
What contains genes?   chromosomes  
What is a chemical that regulates the activities of a cell?   DNA  
What is the term for "producing cells"?   cytogenic  
What is the term for "resembling a cell"?   cytoid  
What is the term for "study of cells"?   cytology  
What is the term for "abnormal development"?   dysplasia  
What is the term for "red (blood) cell (RBC)"?   erythrocyte  
What is the term for "increase in the number of red (blood) cells"?   erythrocytosis  
What is the term for "study of tissue"?   histology  
What is the term for "excessive development (number of cells)"?   hyperplasia  
What is the term for "incomplete development (of an organ or tissues)"?   hypoplasia  
What is the term for "cell with a nucleus"?   karyocyte  
What is the term for "substance of a nucleus"?   karyoplasm  
What is the term for "white (blood) cell (WBC)"?   leukocyte  
What is the term for "increase in the number of white (blood) cells"?   leukocytosis  
What is the term for "resembling fat"?   lipoid  
What is the term for "disease of the muscle"?   myopathy  
What is the term for "resembling a nerve"?   neuroid  
What is the term for "pertaining to the body"?   somatic  
What is the term for "originating in the body (organic as opposed to psychologic)"?   somatogenic  
What is the term for "disease of the body"?   somatopathy  
What is the term for "body substance"?   somatoplasm  
What is the term for "pertaining to a (body) system (or the body as a whole)"?   systemic  
What is the term for "pertaining to the internal organs"?   visceral  
Define "cancerous."   pertaining to cancer  
Define "carcinogen."   substance that causes cancer  
Define "carcinogenic."   producing cancer  
Define "cyanosis."   abnormal condition of blue (bluish discoloration of the skin caused by inadequate supply of oxygen in the blood)  
Define "diagnosis (Dx)."   state of complete knowledge (identifying a disease)  
Define "etiology."   study of causes (of disease)  
Define "iatrogenic."   produced by a physician (the unexpected results from a treatment prescribed by a physician)  
Define "iatrology."   study of medicine  
Define "metastasis (mets) - plural is metastases."   beyond control (transfer of disease from one organ to another, as in the transfer of malignant tumors)  
Define "neopathy."   new disease  
Define "oncogenic."   causing tumors  
Define "oncologist."   a physician who studies and treats tumors  
Define "oncology."   study of tumors (a branch of medicine concerned with the study of malignant tumors)  
Define "pathogenic."   producing disease  
Define "pathologist."   a physician who studies diseases (examines biopsies and performs autopsies to determine the cause of disease or death)  
Define "pathology."   study of disease (a branch of medicine dealing with the study of the causes of disease and death)  
Define "prognosis (Px)."   state of before knowledge (prediction of the outcome of a disease)  
Define "xanthochromic."   pertaining to yellow color  
Define "xanthosis."   abnormal condition of yellow (discoloration)  
benign   not malignant, nonrecurrent, favorable for recovery  
carcinoma in situ   cancer in the early stage before invading surrounding tissue  
chemotherapy (chemo)   treatment of cancer with drugs  
encapsulated   enclosed in a capsule, as with benign tumors  
exacerbation   increase in the severity of a disease or its symptoms  
idiopathic   pertaining to disease of unknown origin  
inflammation   response to injury or destruction of tissue characterized by redness, swelling, heat, and pain  
in vitro   within a glass, observable within a test tube  
in vivo   within the living body  
malignant   tending to become progressively worse and to cause death, as in cancer  
radiation therapy (XRT)   treatment of cancer with a radioactive substance, x-ray, or radiation (also called radiation oncology and radiotherapy)  
remission   improvement or absence of signs of disease  


   






 
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