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Chp 5

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

acetabulum   cup shaped depression in the hip bone into which the top of the femur fits  
acromion   part of the scapula that connects to the clavicle  
atlas   first cervical vertebrae  
axis   second cervical vertebrae  
bone   hard connective tissue that forms the skeleton of the body  
bursa   sac lined with a synovial membrane that fills the spaces between tendons and joints  
calcaneus   heel bone  
calcium   mineral important in the formation of bone  
cardiac muscle   striated involuntary muscle of the heart  
carpus, carpal bone   wrist, wrist bone  
cartilage   flexible connective tissue found in joints, fetal skeleton, and the lining of various parts of the body  
cartilaginous disk   thick, circular mass of cartilage between the vertebrae of the spinal column  
cervical vertebrae   seven vertebrae of the spinal column located in the neck  
clavicle   curved bone of the shoulder that joins to the scapula; collar bone  
coccyx   small hone consisting of four fused vertebrae at the end of the spinal column; tailbone  
condyle   rounded surface at the end of a bone  
crest   bony ridge  
endosteum   lining of the medullary cavity  
fascia   sheet of fibrous tissue that encloses muscles  
femur   long bone of the thigh  
fibula   smallest long bone of the lower leg  
fissure   deep furrow or slit  
fossa   depression, as in a bone  
heel   back, rounded portion of the foot  
humerus   long bone of the arm connecting to the scapula on top and the radius and ulna at the bottom  
ilium   wide portion of the hip bone  
joint   place of joining between two or more bones  
ligament   sheet of fibrous tissue connecting and supporting bones; attaches bone to bone  
mandible   u-shaped bone of the lower jaw  
marrow   connective tissue filling the medullary cavity, often rich in nutrients  
maxillary bone   bone of the upper jaw  
metacarpal   one of five bones of the hand between the wrist and the fingers  
netaphysis   section of a long bone between the epiphysis and diaphysis  
metatarsal bones   bones of the foot between the instep (arch) and the toes  
muscle   contractile tissue that plays a major role in body movement  
musculoskeletal system   system of the body including the muscles and skeleton  
nasal bone   bones that form the bridge of the nose  
nasal cavity   cavity on either side of the nasal septum  
osteoblast   cell that forms bone  
osteoclast   large cell that reabsorbs and removes osseous tissue  
osteocyte   bone cell  
patella   large, sesamoid bone that forms the kneecap  
pelvis   cup-shaped ring of bone and ligaments at the base of the trunk  
phalanges   long bones of the fingers and toes  
pubes   anteroinferior portion of the hip bone  
radius   shorter bone of the forearm  
sacrum   next to last spinal vertebra made up of five fused bones; vertebrae that forms the shoulder blade  
scapula   large flat bone that forms the shoulder blade  
sesamoid bone   bone formed in a tendon over a joint  
sternum   long flat bone that forms the midline of the anterior of the thorax  
suture   joining of two bone parts with a fibrous membrane  
synovial fluid   fluid that serves to lubricate joints  
tendon   fibrous band that connects muscle to bone or other structure  
thoracic vertebrae   twelve vertebrae of the chest area  
thorax   part of the trunk between the neck and the abdomen; chest  
tibia   larger of the two lower leg bones  
tubercle   slight bone elevation to which a ligament or muscle may be attached  
ulna   larger bone of the forearm  
vertebra   one of the bony segments of the spinal column  
vitamin D   Vitamin important to the formation of bone  
vomer   flat bone forming the nasal septum  
zygomatic   bone that forms the cheek  
acetabul(o)   acetabulum  
acromi(o)   end point of the scapula  
ankyl(o)   bent, crooked  
arthr(o)   joint  
brachi(o)   arm  
burs(o)   bursa  
calcane(o)   heel  
calci(o)   calcium  
carp(o)   wrist  
cephal(o)   head  
cervic(o)   neck  
chondr(o)   cartilage  
condyl(o)   knob, knuckle  
cost(o)   rib  
crani(o)   skull  
dactyl(o)   fingers, toes  
fasci(o)   fascia  
femor(o)   femur  
fibr(o)   fiber  
humer(o)   humerus  
ili(o)   ilium  
ischi(o)   ischium  
kyph(o)   hump; bent  
lamin(o)   lamina  
leiomy(o)   smooth muscle  
lumb(o)   lumbar  
maxill(o)   upper jaw  
metacarp(o)   metacarpal  
my(o)   muscle  
myel(o)   spinal cord; bone marrow  
oste(o)   bone  
patell(o)   knee  
ped(i), ped(o)   foot  
pelv(i)   pelvis  
phalang(o)   finger or toe bone  
pod(o)   food  
pub(o)   pubis  
rachi(o)   spine  
radi(o)   forearm bone  
rhabd(o)   rod-shaped  
rhabdomy(o)   striated muscle  
scapul(o)   scapula  
scoli(o)   curved  
spondyl(o)   vertebrae  
stern(o)   sternum  
synov(o)   synovial membrane  
tars(o)   tarsus  
ten(o), tend(o), tendin(o)   tendon  
thorac(o)   thorax  
tibi(o)   tibia  
uln(o)   ulna  
vertebr(o)   vertebra  
B   bilateral  
CTS   Carpal tunnel syndrome  
DJD   degenerative joint disease  
DTR   deep tendon reflex  
Fx   fracture  
L1, L2, etc   first lumbar vertebra, second lumbar vertebrae, etc  
NSAID   nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory drug  
OA   osteoarthritis  
RA   rheumatoid arthritis  
ROM   Range of motion  
TMJ   Temporomandibular joint  
arthroscopy   examination with an instrument that explores the interior of a joint  
chiropractor   health care professional who works to align the spinal column so as to treat certain ailments  
goniometer   instrument that measures angles or range of motion in a joint  
orthopedist   physician who examines, diagnoses, and treats disorders of the musculoskeletal system  
osteopath   physician who combines manipulative treatment with conventional therapeutic measures  
podiatrist   medical specialist who examines, diagnoses, and treats disorders of the foot  
rheumatologist   physician who examines, diagnoses, and treats disorders of the joints and musculoskeletal system  
uric acid test   test for acid content in urine; elevated levels may indicate gout  
arthralgia   severe joint pain  
arthritis   any of various conditions involving joint inflammation  
bony necrosis   death of portions of bone  
bunion   an inflamed bursa at the foot joint, between the big toe and the first metatarsal bone  
bursitis   inflammation of a bursa  
calcar   spur  
carpal tunnel syndrome   pain and paresthesia in the hand due to repetitive motion injury of the median nerve  
comminuted fracture   fracture with shattered bones  
crepitation, crepitus   noise made by rubbing together of bones  
degenerative arthritis   arthritis with erosion of the cartilage  
exostosis   abnormal bone growth capped with cartilage  
flaccid   without tone; relaxed  
fracture   a break, especially in a bone  
gout   inflammation of the joints; usually caused by uric acid crystals  
greenstick fracture   fracture with twisting or bending of the bone but no breaking; usually occurs in children  
hairline fracture   fracture with no bone separation or fragmentation  
hypotonia   abnormally reduced muscle tension  
leiomyosarcoma   malignant tumor of smooth muscle  
muscular dystrophy   progressive degenerative disorder affecting the musculoskeletal system and, later, other organs  
myalgia   muscle pain  
myeloma   bone marrow tumor  
myoma   benign muscle tumor  
osteoarthritis   arthritis with loss of cartilage  
osteodynia   bone pain  
osteomyelitis   inflammation of the bone marrow and surrounding bone  
osteoporosis   degenerative thinning of bone  
rickets   disease of the skeletal system, usually caused by vit D deficiency  
rigor   stiffening  
spasm   sudden, involuntary muscle contraction  
spinal bifida   congenital defect with deformity of the spinal column  
spur   bony projection growing out of a bone, calcar  
subluxation   partial dislocation, as between joint surfaces  
talipes varus   foot deformity characterized by inversion of the foot  
amputation   cutting off of a limb or part of a limb  
arthroplasty   surgical replacement or repair of a joint  
bunionectomy   removal of a bunion  
bursectomy   removal of a bursa  
osteotomy   cutting of bone  
spondylosyndesis   fusion of two or more spinal column  
tenotomy   surgical cutting of a tendon  
analgesic   agent that relieves pain  
anti-inflammatory (corticosteriod)   agent that reduces inflammation  
muscle relaxant   agent that relieves muscle stiffness  
narcotic   agent that relieves pain by affecting the body in ways that are similar to opium  
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)   agent that reduces inflammation without the use of steroids  


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