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The Musculoskeletal

Chp 5

QuestionAnswer
acetabulum cup shaped depression in the hip bone into which the top of the femur fits
acromion part of the scapula that connects to the clavicle
atlas first cervical vertebrae
axis second cervical vertebrae
bone hard connective tissue that forms the skeleton of the body
bursa sac lined with a synovial membrane that fills the spaces between tendons and joints
calcaneus heel bone
calcium mineral important in the formation of bone
cardiac muscle striated involuntary muscle of the heart
carpus, carpal bone wrist, wrist bone
cartilage flexible connective tissue found in joints, fetal skeleton, and the lining of various parts of the body
cartilaginous disk thick, circular mass of cartilage between the vertebrae of the spinal column
cervical vertebrae seven vertebrae of the spinal column located in the neck
clavicle curved bone of the shoulder that joins to the scapula; collar bone
coccyx small hone consisting of four fused vertebrae at the end of the spinal column; tailbone
condyle rounded surface at the end of a bone
crest bony ridge
endosteum lining of the medullary cavity
fascia sheet of fibrous tissue that encloses muscles
femur long bone of the thigh
fibula smallest long bone of the lower leg
fissure deep furrow or slit
fossa depression, as in a bone
heel back, rounded portion of the foot
humerus long bone of the arm connecting to the scapula on top and the radius and ulna at the bottom
ilium wide portion of the hip bone
joint place of joining between two or more bones
ligament sheet of fibrous tissue connecting and supporting bones; attaches bone to bone
mandible u-shaped bone of the lower jaw
marrow connective tissue filling the medullary cavity, often rich in nutrients
maxillary bone bone of the upper jaw
metacarpal one of five bones of the hand between the wrist and the fingers
netaphysis section of a long bone between the epiphysis and diaphysis
metatarsal bones bones of the foot between the instep (arch) and the toes
muscle contractile tissue that plays a major role in body movement
musculoskeletal system system of the body including the muscles and skeleton
nasal bone bones that form the bridge of the nose
nasal cavity cavity on either side of the nasal septum
osteoblast cell that forms bone
osteoclast large cell that reabsorbs and removes osseous tissue
osteocyte bone cell
patella large, sesamoid bone that forms the kneecap
pelvis cup-shaped ring of bone and ligaments at the base of the trunk
phalanges long bones of the fingers and toes
pubes anteroinferior portion of the hip bone
radius shorter bone of the forearm
sacrum next to last spinal vertebra made up of five fused bones; vertebrae that forms the shoulder blade
scapula large flat bone that forms the shoulder blade
sesamoid bone bone formed in a tendon over a joint
sternum long flat bone that forms the midline of the anterior of the thorax
suture joining of two bone parts with a fibrous membrane
synovial fluid fluid that serves to lubricate joints
tendon fibrous band that connects muscle to bone or other structure
thoracic vertebrae twelve vertebrae of the chest area
thorax part of the trunk between the neck and the abdomen; chest
tibia larger of the two lower leg bones
tubercle slight bone elevation to which a ligament or muscle may be attached
ulna larger bone of the forearm
vertebra one of the bony segments of the spinal column
vitamin D Vitamin important to the formation of bone
vomer flat bone forming the nasal septum
zygomatic bone that forms the cheek
acetabul(o) acetabulum
acromi(o) end point of the scapula
ankyl(o) bent, crooked
arthr(o) joint
brachi(o) arm
burs(o) bursa
calcane(o) heel
calci(o) calcium
carp(o) wrist
cephal(o) head
cervic(o) neck
chondr(o) cartilage
condyl(o) knob, knuckle
cost(o) rib
crani(o) skull
dactyl(o) fingers, toes
fasci(o) fascia
femor(o) femur
fibr(o) fiber
humer(o) humerus
ili(o) ilium
ischi(o) ischium
kyph(o) hump; bent
lamin(o) lamina
leiomy(o) smooth muscle
lumb(o) lumbar
maxill(o) upper jaw
metacarp(o) metacarpal
my(o) muscle
myel(o) spinal cord; bone marrow
oste(o) bone
patell(o) knee
ped(i), ped(o) foot
pelv(i) pelvis
phalang(o) finger or toe bone
pod(o) food
pub(o) pubis
rachi(o) spine
radi(o) forearm bone
rhabd(o) rod-shaped
rhabdomy(o) striated muscle
scapul(o) scapula
scoli(o) curved
spondyl(o) vertebrae
stern(o) sternum
synov(o) synovial membrane
tars(o) tarsus
ten(o), tend(o), tendin(o) tendon
thorac(o) thorax
tibi(o) tibia
uln(o) ulna
vertebr(o) vertebra
B bilateral
CTS Carpal tunnel syndrome
DJD degenerative joint disease
DTR deep tendon reflex
Fx fracture
L1, L2, etc first lumbar vertebra, second lumbar vertebrae, etc
NSAID nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory drug
OA osteoarthritis
RA rheumatoid arthritis
ROM Range of motion
TMJ Temporomandibular joint
arthroscopy examination with an instrument that explores the interior of a joint
chiropractor health care professional who works to align the spinal column so as to treat certain ailments
goniometer instrument that measures angles or range of motion in a joint
orthopedist physician who examines, diagnoses, and treats disorders of the musculoskeletal system
osteopath physician who combines manipulative treatment with conventional therapeutic measures
podiatrist medical specialist who examines, diagnoses, and treats disorders of the foot
rheumatologist physician who examines, diagnoses, and treats disorders of the joints and musculoskeletal system
uric acid test test for acid content in urine; elevated levels may indicate gout
arthralgia severe joint pain
arthritis any of various conditions involving joint inflammation
bony necrosis death of portions of bone
bunion an inflamed bursa at the foot joint, between the big toe and the first metatarsal bone
bursitis inflammation of a bursa
calcar spur
carpal tunnel syndrome pain and paresthesia in the hand due to repetitive motion injury of the median nerve
comminuted fracture fracture with shattered bones
crepitation, crepitus noise made by rubbing together of bones
degenerative arthritis arthritis with erosion of the cartilage
exostosis abnormal bone growth capped with cartilage
flaccid without tone; relaxed
fracture a break, especially in a bone
gout inflammation of the joints; usually caused by uric acid crystals
greenstick fracture fracture with twisting or bending of the bone but no breaking; usually occurs in children
hairline fracture fracture with no bone separation or fragmentation
hypotonia abnormally reduced muscle tension
leiomyosarcoma malignant tumor of smooth muscle
muscular dystrophy progressive degenerative disorder affecting the musculoskeletal system and, later, other organs
myalgia muscle pain
myeloma bone marrow tumor
myoma benign muscle tumor
osteoarthritis arthritis with loss of cartilage
osteodynia bone pain
osteomyelitis inflammation of the bone marrow and surrounding bone
osteoporosis degenerative thinning of bone
rickets disease of the skeletal system, usually caused by vit D deficiency
rigor stiffening
spasm sudden, involuntary muscle contraction
spinal bifida congenital defect with deformity of the spinal column
spur bony projection growing out of a bone, calcar
subluxation partial dislocation, as between joint surfaces
talipes varus foot deformity characterized by inversion of the foot
amputation cutting off of a limb or part of a limb
arthroplasty surgical replacement or repair of a joint
bunionectomy removal of a bunion
bursectomy removal of a bursa
osteotomy cutting of bone
spondylosyndesis fusion of two or more spinal column
tenotomy surgical cutting of a tendon
analgesic agent that relieves pain
anti-inflammatory (corticosteriod) agent that reduces inflammation
muscle relaxant agent that relieves muscle stiffness
narcotic agent that relieves pain by affecting the body in ways that are similar to opium
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) agent that reduces inflammation without the use of steroids
Created by: ambervail