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Cardiovascular, Blood, & pathologies of

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Answer
Dilation of a blood vessel wall; caused by weakness or damage to its structure   Aneurysm  
A large artery that carries oxygen & nutrients out of the heart   Aorta  
An irregular heart beat   Arrhythmia  
The smallest blood vessel; located between arterioles & veins. They allow the exchange of gases, nutrients, and waste products occur between the blood and cells   Capillary  
The general term meaning "hardening of the arteries"; refers to arteries that have lost their elasticity   Arteriosclerosis  
Transports oxygenated blood from the heart to the body or deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs   Artery  
The most common type of Arteriosclerosis- fatty plaque is deposited in medium & large arteries   Atherosclerosis  
The 2 superior chambers of the heart   Atria  
Liquid connective tissue; consists of cellular elements & blood plasma   Blood  
The force exerted by the blood on the walls of the blood vessels   Blood Pressure  
The synchronized sequence of events that takes place during one full heartbeat is known as   Cardiac Cycle  
The amount of blood pumped by the left ventricle in 1 minute   Cardiac Output  
Veins that return deoxygenated blood from the heart to the right atrium.   Coronary  
Function of the Coronary Artery   Supply oxygenated blood to the heart muscle itself.  
Another term for red blood cell   Erythrocyte  
The actual pump of the cardiovascular system   Myocardium  
What keeps blood flowing in the correct direction through the heart? a. Septums b. Atria c. Valves d. Ventricles   C- Valves  
The oxygen-carrying molecule found in red blood cells   Hemoglobin  
The term for an increase in systolic & diastolic pressure   Hypertension  
The term for an decrease in systolic & diastolic pressure   Hypotension  
The temporary deficiency or deminished supply of blood to a tissue   Ischemia  
Another term for white blood cells   Leukocytes  
Type WBC that protect the body from pathogens, remove dead cells and substances   Lymphocytes  
Large artery- carries blood from the heart to the lungs   Pulmonary Trunk  
A double membrane, serous sac that surrounding the heart   Pericardium  
Straw colored fluid that makes up 55% of the blood   Plasma  
Large vessel- returns deoxygenated blood to the right atrium of the heart   Vena-cava  
Inferior Chambers of the heart   Ventricles  
Clotting in an unbroken blood vessel   Thrombosis  
insufficient pumping of blood in the heart due to weak myocardium   (Congestive) Heart Failure  
Disorder when the blood leaks backwards into the left atrium   Mitral Valve prolapse  
Pathology: The inadequate supply of blood causing a diminished function to the vital organ associated.   Shock  
Blood clotting cells, or platelets   Thrombocytes  
Another term used for a heart attack   Myocardial Infarction  
A decrease in the normal number of of RBC or amount of hemaglobin in the blood   Anemia  
Type of shock caused by the loss of blood or other bodily fluids   Hypovolemic Shock  
Type of shock caused by a bacterial infection   Septic Shock  
Type of shock caused by an allergy or an overreaction by the immune system   Anaphylactic shock  
Type of shock that occurs when the heart does not pump sufficient blood   Cardiogenic shock  


   






 
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