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Cardiovascular

Cardiovascular, Blood, & pathologies of

QuestionAnswer
Dilation of a blood vessel wall; caused by weakness or damage to its structure Aneurysm
A large artery that carries oxygen & nutrients out of the heart Aorta
An irregular heart beat Arrhythmia
The smallest blood vessel; located between arterioles & veins. They allow the exchange of gases, nutrients, and waste products occur between the blood and cells Capillary
The general term meaning "hardening of the arteries"; refers to arteries that have lost their elasticity Arteriosclerosis
Transports oxygenated blood from the heart to the body or deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs Artery
The most common type of Arteriosclerosis- fatty plaque is deposited in medium & large arteries Atherosclerosis
The 2 superior chambers of the heart Atria
Liquid connective tissue; consists of cellular elements & blood plasma Blood
The force exerted by the blood on the walls of the blood vessels Blood Pressure
The synchronized sequence of events that takes place during one full heartbeat is known as Cardiac Cycle
The amount of blood pumped by the left ventricle in 1 minute Cardiac Output
Veins that return deoxygenated blood from the heart to the right atrium. Coronary
Function of the Coronary Artery Supply oxygenated blood to the heart muscle itself.
Another term for red blood cell Erythrocyte
The actual pump of the cardiovascular system Myocardium
What keeps blood flowing in the correct direction through the heart? a. Septums b. Atria c. Valves d. Ventricles C- Valves
The oxygen-carrying molecule found in red blood cells Hemoglobin
The term for an increase in systolic & diastolic pressure Hypertension
The term for an decrease in systolic & diastolic pressure Hypotension
The temporary deficiency or deminished supply of blood to a tissue Ischemia
Another term for white blood cells Leukocytes
Type WBC that protect the body from pathogens, remove dead cells and substances Lymphocytes
Large artery- carries blood from the heart to the lungs Pulmonary Trunk
A double membrane, serous sac that surrounding the heart Pericardium
Straw colored fluid that makes up 55% of the blood Plasma
Large vessel- returns deoxygenated blood to the right atrium of the heart Vena-cava
Inferior Chambers of the heart Ventricles
Clotting in an unbroken blood vessel Thrombosis
insufficient pumping of blood in the heart due to weak myocardium (Congestive) Heart Failure
Disorder when the blood leaks backwards into the left atrium Mitral Valve prolapse
Pathology: The inadequate supply of blood causing a diminished function to the vital organ associated. Shock
Blood clotting cells, or platelets Thrombocytes
Another term used for a heart attack Myocardial Infarction
A decrease in the normal number of of RBC or amount of hemaglobin in the blood Anemia
Type of shock caused by the loss of blood or other bodily fluids Hypovolemic Shock
Type of shock caused by a bacterial infection Septic Shock
Type of shock caused by an allergy or an overreaction by the immune system Anaphylactic shock
Type of shock that occurs when the heart does not pump sufficient blood Cardiogenic shock
Created by: ckoma