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Nutrition & Metabolism

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Vitamins are   Compounds required for various body functions  
Vitamins are classified by as proteins   False  
Vitamins are classified as   Nothing  
Vitamins are useful for extra energy   False  
What 2 classifications are vitamins   Lipid soluble and water soluble  
What vitamins are stored in fat reserves   Lipid soluble  
Water soluble vitamins are not used immediately   False  
What vitamins are needed daily   Water soluble  
Dificiency in vitamins do not affect the human body   False  
Deficincy in vitamins causes various   Diseases  
List lipid soluble vitamins   Vitamin A Vitamin D Vitamin E Vitamin K  
Vitamin A required for   Retinal function  
What foods provide vitamin A   Fish eggs leafy green vegetables  
Deficiency in vitamin D causes   Rickets (deformed bones) & osteoporosis  
Vitamin D need what to absorb properly   Calcium and phosphorus  
Foods that provide vitamin D   Milk, eggs, fish liver  
Deficiency in vitamin K causes   Poor clotting, hemophilia  
Foods that assist with supplying vitamin K   Leafy green vegetables  
List the water soluble vitamins   Thiamine B1, Riboflavin B2, Niacin B6, Folic Acid, B12, Vitamin C ascorbic acid  
Thiamine assists with ........................ metablism   carbohydrate  
Riboflavin assists with .............. metabolism   glucose and fat  
Niacin assists with ............ metabolism   glucose  
Niacin helps synthesize what   protein and fats  
Folic Acid assists with   fetal development, nervous system health  
B12 is crucial for   red blood cell production  
Vitamin C is also known as   Ascorbic Acid  
Vitamin C is crucial for the production of   collagen  
what vitamin assists with hormone synthesis   vitamin c  
foods with thiamine   lean meats, eggs, whole grains, leafy green vegetables  
Riboflavin containing foods include   meats, dairy, leafy greens  
foods containing Niacin   liver, lean meats, peanut butter, legumes  
B12 is found in which foods   dairy, meats, liver  
vitamins c is found in   citrus fruits, tomatoes, green leafy vegetables  
deficiency of vitamin C causes   scurvy  
thiamine AKA   B1  
Riboflavin AKA   B2  
Niacin AKA   B6  
Folic Acid AKA   B9  
Functions of Calcium and Phosphorus in our diet   Bone and tooth health, nervous system function (calcium), ATP synthesis (phosphorus)  
function of Potassium in our diet   nervous system health, helps maintain osmotic pressure  
function of sodium in our diet   Maintain osmotic pressure, nervous system health  
function of magnesium in our diet   ATP production  
calcium and phosphorus foods   milk, green leafy vegetables, legumes  
potassium foods   avocados, meats, peanut butter, banana  
sodium foods   table salt, cured meats  
magnesium foods   dairy, legumes and nuts, green leafy vegetables  
excess contributes to hypertension   sodium  
excess sodium can cause   high blood pressure  
definition of calories   a unit of energy measurement for the food we eat  
fats are the most calorie dense substance at   9.5 calories per gram  
carbohydrates and proteins are   4.1 calories per gram  
daily calories for an average female and males   2000 females, 2500 males  
BMR is   basal metabolic rate = calories used at rest  
1 lbs of fat is   3500 calories  


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