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Vitamins & Minerals

Nutrition & Metabolism

Vitamins are Compounds required for various body functions
Vitamins are classified by as proteins False
Vitamins are classified as Nothing
Vitamins are useful for extra energy False
What 2 classifications are vitamins Lipid soluble and water soluble
What vitamins are stored in fat reserves Lipid soluble
Water soluble vitamins are not used immediately False
What vitamins are needed daily Water soluble
Dificiency in vitamins do not affect the human body False
Deficincy in vitamins causes various Diseases
List lipid soluble vitamins Vitamin A Vitamin D Vitamin E Vitamin K
Vitamin A required for Retinal function
What foods provide vitamin A Fish eggs leafy green vegetables
Deficiency in vitamin D causes Rickets (deformed bones) & osteoporosis
Vitamin D need what to absorb properly Calcium and phosphorus
Foods that provide vitamin D Milk, eggs, fish liver
Deficiency in vitamin K causes Poor clotting, hemophilia
Foods that assist with supplying vitamin K Leafy green vegetables
List the water soluble vitamins Thiamine B1, Riboflavin B2, Niacin B6, Folic Acid, B12, Vitamin C ascorbic acid
Thiamine assists with ........................ metablism carbohydrate
Riboflavin assists with .............. metabolism glucose and fat
Niacin assists with ............ metabolism glucose
Niacin helps synthesize what protein and fats
Folic Acid assists with fetal development, nervous system health
B12 is crucial for red blood cell production
Vitamin C is also known as Ascorbic Acid
Vitamin C is crucial for the production of collagen
what vitamin assists with hormone synthesis vitamin c
foods with thiamine lean meats, eggs, whole grains, leafy green vegetables
Riboflavin containing foods include meats, dairy, leafy greens
foods containing Niacin liver, lean meats, peanut butter, legumes
B12 is found in which foods dairy, meats, liver
vitamins c is found in citrus fruits, tomatoes, green leafy vegetables
deficiency of vitamin C causes scurvy
thiamine AKA B1
Riboflavin AKA B2
Niacin AKA B6
Folic Acid AKA B9
Functions of Calcium and Phosphorus in our diet Bone and tooth health, nervous system function (calcium), ATP synthesis (phosphorus)
function of Potassium in our diet nervous system health, helps maintain osmotic pressure
function of sodium in our diet Maintain osmotic pressure, nervous system health
function of magnesium in our diet ATP production
calcium and phosphorus foods milk, green leafy vegetables, legumes
potassium foods avocados, meats, peanut butter, banana
sodium foods table salt, cured meats
magnesium foods dairy, legumes and nuts, green leafy vegetables
excess contributes to hypertension sodium
excess sodium can cause high blood pressure
definition of calories a unit of energy measurement for the food we eat
fats are the most calorie dense substance at 9.5 calories per gram
carbohydrates and proteins are 4.1 calories per gram
daily calories for an average female and males 2000 females, 2500 males
BMR is basal metabolic rate = calories used at rest
1 lbs of fat is 3500 calories
Created by: Miccimouse