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MEDICAL

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Term
Definition
ab-   away from  
ad-   toward or in the direction of  
dys-   difficulty, bad, painful  
endo-   within  
eu-   good, normal  
hyper-   excessive or increased  
hypo-   deficient or decreased  
inter-   between or among  
intra-   within or inside  
neo-   new  
peri-   surrounding  
post-   after  
pre-   before  
sub-   under, less or below  
super-   above  
supra-   excessive  
abdomin/o   abdomen  
angi/o   blood vessel  
append/o , appendic/o   appendix  
arteri/o   artery  
arthr/o   joint  
arther/o   fatty substance or plaque  
cardi/o   heart  
col/o   colon  
chondr/o   cartilage  
crani/o   skull  
cyan/o   blue  
enter/o   small intestine  
erythr/o   red  
gastr/o   stomach  
geront/o   old age  
hepat/o   liver  
hem/o   blood  
laryng/o   throat, larynx  
leuk/o   white  
melan/o   black  
my/o   muscle  
myc/o   fungus  
myel/o   bone marrow or spinal cord  
nat/o   birth  
nephr/o   kidney  
neur/o   nerve  
ot/o   ear  
poli/o   grey  
py/o   pus  
pyel/o   renal pelvis  
pyr/o   fever  
rhin/o   nose  
tonsill/o   tonsils  
-ac , -al   pertaining to  
-algia   pain  
-centesis   surgical puncture to remove fluid  
-cyte   cell  
-derma   skin  
-dia   through  
-dynia   pain  
-ectomy   surgical removal  
-graphy   producing a picture or record  
-gram   a picture or record  
-ic   pertaining to  
-itis   inflammation  
-osis   conditions  
-malacia   abnormal softening  
-megaly   enlargement  
-necrosis   tissue death  
-ologist   specialist  
-ology   study of  
-oma   tumor  
-ostomy   surgically creating an artificial opening  
-otomy   cutting into or surgical incision  
-pathy   disease  
-plasty   surgical repair  
-rrhage , -rrhagia   bleeding or excessive flow  
-rrhexis   rupture  
-sclerosis   abnormal hardening  
-scopy   visual examination  
-stenosis   abnormal narrowing  
end-   with  
ex-   out  
caud/o   tail  
cephal/o   head  
cyt/o   cell  
gen/o or gene   producing  
hist/o   tissue  
-crine   secrete  
-plasm   material of cells  
-tics   pertaining to  
arthr/o   joint  
burs/o   bursa  
cervic/o   neck  
chondr/o   cartilage  
crani/o   head  
ili/o   ilium or hip  
hem/o , hemat/o   blood  
ligament/o   ligament  
lumb/o   lower back  
mandibul/o   lower jaw  
myel/o   bone marrow  
oste/o   bone  
pelv/o   pelvis  
pod/o   feet  
sacr/o   sacrum  
scapul/o   scapula (shoulder blade)  
stern/o   chest  
synov/o , synovi/o   synovial fluid  
tars/o   tarsal bones in the feet  
vertebr/o   vertebra  
-poietic   pertaining to formation  
ab-   away from  
ad-   toward  
ex-   away from  
hemi-   half  
para-   along side of  
cardi/o   heart  
dorsi/o , dors/o   back of body  
duct/o   to lead  
fasci/o   fascia  
flex/o   to bend  
kinesi/o   movement  
my/o , myos/o , muscul/o   muscle  
quadr/i   four  
ten/o , tend/o , tendin/o   tendon  
tens/o   to stretch out  
-al   pertaining to  
-ion   action  
-paresis   partial or incomplete paralysis  
-plegia   total paralysis  
brady-   slow  
hyper-   excessive, increased  
hypo-   deficient, decreased  
tachy-   fast  
angi/o   blood vessels  
arteri/o   arteries  
capill/o   capillaries  
card/o , cardi/o   heart  
erythr/o   red  
leuk/o   white  
phleb/o   veins  
thromb/o   clot  
vas/o , vascul/o   blood vessels  
ven/o   veins  
-cytes   cells  
meta-   beyond  
neo-   new  
adenoid/o   adenoids  
axill/o   armpit  
cervic/o   neck  
immun/o   protected  
inguin/o   groin  
lymph/o   lymph  
lymphaden/o   lymph nodes  
lymphangi/o   lymph vessels  
lymphocyt/o   lymphocyte  
onc/o   tumor  
phag/o   to eat or destroy  
splen/o   spleen  
thym/o   thymus  
tonsill/o   tonsils  
-ary   pertaining to  
-lytic   to destroy  
-plasm   formation  
-stasis   stopping  
alveo/o   alveoli  
bronch/o , bronchi/o   bronchi  
capn/o   carbon dioxide  
epiglott/o   epiglottis  
laryng/o   larynx  
lob/o   lobe  
nas/o   nose  
ox/o , oxy/o   oxygen  
phon/o   voice or sound  
pleur/o   pleura  
pharyng/o   pharynx  
rhin/o   nose  
sinus/o   sinuses  
thorac/o   chest  
trache/o   trachea  
-oxia   oxygen  
-pnea   breathing  
-thorax   chest  
-ventilation   breathing  
an/o   anus  
append/o , appendic/o   appendix  
cholecyst/o   gallbladder  
col/o , colon/o   large intestine (colon)  
dent/o   teeth  
duoden/o   duodenum  
enter/o   small intestine  
esophag/o   esophagus  
hepat/o   liver  
ile/o   ileum  
intestin/o   intestine  
jejun/o   jejunum  
gastr/o   stomach  
odont/o   teeth  
or/o   mouth  
palat/o   palate  
pancreat/o   pancreas  
pharyng/o   pharynx  
proct/o   rectum and anus  
rect/o   rectum  
stomat/o   mouth  
-pepsia   digestion  
-phagia   swallowing  
cyst/o   urinary bladder  
glomerul/o   glomerulus  
home/o   sameness  
nephr/o   kidneys  
pyel/o   renal pelvis  
ren/o   kidneys  
ur/o   urine  
ureter/o   ureters  
urethr/o   urethra  
urin/o   urine  
-lith   stones  
-lithiasis   presence of stones  
-stasis   control  
-uria   urine  
cerebell/o   cerebellum  
cerebr/o   cerebrum  
encephal/o   brain  
esthesi/o , esthet/o   sensation, feeling  
lob/o   lobe  
mening/o   meninges  
myel/o   spinal cord  
neur/o   nerves  
psych/o   mind  
somn/o   sleep  
spin/o   spinal cord  
therm/o   temperature  
-algia   pain  
-phasia   speech  
-sthesia   sensation, feeling  
-taxia   muscle coordination  
acous/o , acoust/o   hearing, sound  
audi/o , audit/o   hearing, sound  
dacryocyst/o   lacrimal apparatus  
blephar/o   eyelid  
conjunctiv/o   conjunctiva  
ir/i , ir/o , irid/o , irit/o   iris  
labyrinth/o   labyrinth  
lacrim/o   lacrimal apparatus  
myring/o   tympanic membrane  
ocul/o , ophthalm/o , opt/i , opt/o , optic/o   eye  
ot/o   hearing, sound  
phac/o , phak/o   lens  
pinn/i   pinna  
retin/o   retina  
sclera/o   sclera  
tympan/o   tympanic membrane  
cutane/o , derm/o , dermat/o   skin  
diaphor/o   sweat profusely  
hidr/o   sweat  
onych/o   nails  
pil/o , pil/i   hair  
rhytid/o   wrinkles  
seb/o   sebaceous glands  
trich/o   hair  
ungu/o   nails  
adren/o   adrenal glands  
calc/i , calc/o   calcium  
crin/o   secrete  
gluc/o , glyc/o , glycos/o   sugar, glucose  
gonad/o   sex gland  
kal/i   potassium  
natr/o   sodium  
pancreat/o   pancreas  
parathyroid/o   parathyroid gland  
pineal/o   pineal gland  
pituit/o , pituitary/o   pituitary gland  
thym/o   thymus  
thry/o , thyroid/o   thyroid gland  
balan/o   glans penis  
cervic/o   cervix  
colp/o   vagina  
epididym/o   epididymis  
episi/o   vulva  
hyster/o   uterus  
lact/o   milk  
mamm/o , mast/o   breast  


   






 
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