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Muscular System

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Question
Answer
antagonist   muscle whose action oppose the action of another muscle  
muscle fatigue   caused by an accumalation of lactic acid in the muscle  
muscle tone   muscles are always in a state of partial contraction  
neuromuscular junction   point between the motor nerve axon and the muscle cell membrane  
origin   the part of the skeletal muscle which is attached to the fixed part of the bone  
oxygen debt   increased respirations to counter lactic acid build-up in muscles  
prime mover   muscle which provides movement in a single direction  
skeletal muscle   muscle attached to a bone(s) and concerned in body movements - Voluntary Muscle  
smooth muscle   non-striated, involuntary muscle  
sphincter   circular muscle  
synaptic cleft   space between axon of one neuron and the dendrite of another  
voluntary   under control of will - Skeletal Muscle  
atrophy   wasting away of tissue  
contractures   tightening or shortening of the muscle  
cumulative trauma disorders   joint problems from repetitive movements  
flat feet   talipes  
ergonomics   the application of biology and engineering to the relationship between worker and their environment  
hernia   protrusion of a loop of an organ through an abnormal opening  
hypertrophy   an increase in the size of the muscle cell  
intramuscular injection   an injection into the muscle usually deltoid or gluteus  
muscular dystrophy   muscle disease in which the muscle cells deteriorate  
myalgia   muscle pain  
myasthenia gravis   disease in which there is abnormal weakness and eventual paralysis of muscles  
rotator cuff disease   an inflamation of a group of tendons that fuse together and surround the shoulder joint  
shin splint   injury to a muscle tendon in front of the shins  
spasm   sudden, painful, involuntary muscle contractions  
strain   tear in a muscle or stress  
tendinitis   inflamation of the fibrous connective tissue that connects muscles to bones  
tennis elbow   inflamation of the tendon which connects the arm muscles to the elbow  
tetanus   infectious disease, usually fatal, characterized by spasms of voluntary muscles and convulsions caused by toxin from tetanus bacillus  
torticollis   a contracted state of the neck muscles producing an unnatural position of the head  
excitability   Irritability  
extensibility   ability to be stretched  
contractibility   ability to shorten  
elasticity   ability of muscle to return to its original length  
contractability   the ability of muscle tissue to shorten  
elasticity   ability of muscle to return to it's original shape when relaxed  
extensibility   the ability to be stretched  
insertion   muscle is attached to moveable part of a bone  


   






 
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Created by: Connie Liles