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Liles MSI Muscle

Muscular System

QuestionAnswer
antagonist muscle whose action oppose the action of another muscle
muscle fatigue caused by an accumalation of lactic acid in the muscle
muscle tone muscles are always in a state of partial contraction
neuromuscular junction point between the motor nerve axon and the muscle cell membrane
origin the part of the skeletal muscle which is attached to the fixed part of the bone
oxygen debt increased respirations to counter lactic acid build-up in muscles
prime mover muscle which provides movement in a single direction
skeletal muscle muscle attached to a bone(s) and concerned in body movements - Voluntary Muscle
smooth muscle non-striated, involuntary muscle
sphincter circular muscle
synaptic cleft space between axon of one neuron and the dendrite of another
voluntary under control of will - Skeletal Muscle
atrophy wasting away of tissue
contractures tightening or shortening of the muscle
cumulative trauma disorders joint problems from repetitive movements
flat feet talipes
ergonomics the application of biology and engineering to the relationship between worker and their environment
hernia protrusion of a loop of an organ through an abnormal opening
hypertrophy an increase in the size of the muscle cell
intramuscular injection an injection into the muscle usually deltoid or gluteus
muscular dystrophy muscle disease in which the muscle cells deteriorate
myalgia muscle pain
myasthenia gravis disease in which there is abnormal weakness and eventual paralysis of muscles
rotator cuff disease an inflamation of a group of tendons that fuse together and surround the shoulder joint
shin splint injury to a muscle tendon in front of the shins
spasm sudden, painful, involuntary muscle contractions
strain tear in a muscle or stress
tendinitis inflamation of the fibrous connective tissue that connects muscles to bones
tennis elbow inflamation of the tendon which connects the arm muscles to the elbow
tetanus infectious disease, usually fatal, characterized by spasms of voluntary muscles and convulsions caused by toxin from tetanus bacillus
torticollis a contracted state of the neck muscles producing an unnatural position of the head
excitability Irritability
extensibility ability to be stretched
contractibility ability to shorten
elasticity ability of muscle to return to its original length
contractability the ability of muscle tissue to shorten
elasticity ability of muscle to return to it's original shape when relaxed
extensibility the ability to be stretched
insertion muscle is attached to moveable part of a bone
Created by: Connie Liles