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Ch. 5--Muscle Tissue, nervous tissue and membrane

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Answer
Cells in muscle tissues are called   called muscle fibers due to their elongated shape  
Muscle tissues are_________meaning they can shorten and thicken   __________tissues are contractile  
three types of muscle tissue   skeletal, smooth, and cardiac are  
Skeletal muscle tissue forms   forms muscles that usually attach to bones and that are controlled by conscious effort  
Skeletal muscle tissue is under   under conscious control and is therefore called voluntary  
Striations of skeletal muscle tissue   alternating light and dark cross-markings  
Skeletal muscle tissue functions   functions to move body parts and in swallowing and breathing  
Smooth muscle tissue is called   called smooth because it lacks striations  
Smooth muscle tissue located   located in walls of most hollow internal organs  
Smooth muscle   involuntary because it cannot be consciously controlled  
Cardiac muscle tissue is located   muscle tissue located only in the heart  
An intercalated disc   a specialized intercellular junction located only in cardiac muscle tissue  
Like skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle is   striated  
Like smooth muscle, cardiac muscle is   involuntary  
Nervous tissues are found   found in the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves  
neurons   The basic cells of nervous tissue  
Epithelial membranes   composed of epithelial and underlying connective tissues  
Three types of epithelial membranes   serous, mucous, and cutaneous  
Serous membranes line   line the body cavities that lack opening to the outside and secrete serous fluid  
Mucous membranes line   line the cavities and tubes that open to the outside of the body  
The cutaneous membrane   called skin  
Neurons, or nerve cells   sensitive to changes in their surroundings and respond to stimulation of impulses along nerve fibers  
neuroglial cells serve   serve to support the neurons and bind the nervous tissue together  
Neuroglial cell   carry on phagocytosis and bring nutrients to the neurons as well as remove waste from cells  
Epithelial membranes   cover body surfaces and line body cavities and organs  
Synovial membranes   line joints  
Serous membranes   line body cavities  
Mucous membranes   line the cavities and tubes that open to the outside of the body  


   






 
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