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anatomy test

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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Question
Answer
stores energy   mitochondria  
pelvis   basin  
in a child- 5 seperate vertebra in an adult- fused into 1   sacrum vertebra  
2nd cervical vertebra   axis  
1st cervical vertebra   atlas  
sutures   immovable joints  
greater trochanter   part of femur  
appendicular skeleton   everything outside of the axial skeleton  
axial skeleton   bones of the skull spine chest hyoid bone  
chondrocytes   cartilage cells  
osteocytes   mature bone cells in the hard bone matrix  
endosteum   thin membrane that lines the medullary cavity  
periosteum   strong fibrous membrane that covers the long bone everywhere except at joint surfaces  
articular cartilage   thin layer of carilage that vocers each epiphysis  
epiphyseal line   calcification  
osteoclast   reabsorbs bone cells  
osteoblast   builds bone cells  
4 types of bones   long short flat irregular  
hematopoiesis   formation of blood  
bones of the wrist   carpals  
repetitive stress syndrome   carpal tunnel syndrome  
what bone contains the greater trochanter?   femur  
lower portion of sternum   xyphoid process  
where is the xyphoid process located?   lower portion of sternum  
loss of bone density   osteoporosis  
where does hematopoiesis occur?   epiphysis (spongy bone)  
what makes a rib a true rib?   rib is attached to sternum by cartilage  
example of a saddle joint?   thumb  
where the nere fiber meets the muscle   neuronmuscular junction  
ring like muscle   sphincter  
which bones encase the brain?   parietal, occipital, frontal ( or cranial )  
what attaches the bone to the muscle?   tendon  
6 areas where ossification is incomplete at birth "soft spots"   fontanels  
end of long bone   epiphysis  
bones of vertebral system   cervical(7), thoracic(12), lumbar(5), sacrum(1), coccyx(1)  
bones of lower extremities   coxal(2), femur(2), patella(2), tibia(2), fibula(2), tarsals(14), metatarsals(10), phalanges(28)  
bones in upper extremities   clavicle(2), scapula(2), humerus(2), radius(2), ulna(2), carpals(16), metacarpals(10), phalanges(28)  
false ribs(how many?)   10 (5pair)  
sinus   space or cavity inside some of the cranial bones  
with oxygen   aerobic  
continued increased metabolism that must occur in a cell to remove lactic acid that accumulates during exercise   oxygen debt  
contracting muscles against heavy resistance   strength training  
3 types of muscle   cardiac (striated, compose bulk of heart) skeletal(striated, voluntary) smooth(non-striated, involuntary)  
bursae is made of connective tissue and are line with this?   synovial membrane  


   


 
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Created by: kimberli1989