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musculoskeletal

anatomy test

QuestionAnswer
stores energy mitochondria
pelvis basin
in a child- 5 seperate vertebra in an adult- fused into 1 sacrum vertebra
2nd cervical vertebra axis
1st cervical vertebra atlas
sutures immovable joints
greater trochanter part of femur
appendicular skeleton everything outside of the axial skeleton
axial skeleton bones of the skull spine chest hyoid bone
chondrocytes cartilage cells
osteocytes mature bone cells in the hard bone matrix
endosteum thin membrane that lines the medullary cavity
periosteum strong fibrous membrane that covers the long bone everywhere except at joint surfaces
articular cartilage thin layer of carilage that vocers each epiphysis
epiphyseal line calcification
osteoclast reabsorbs bone cells
osteoblast builds bone cells
4 types of bones long short flat irregular
hematopoiesis formation of blood
bones of the wrist carpals
repetitive stress syndrome carpal tunnel syndrome
what bone contains the greater trochanter? femur
lower portion of sternum xyphoid process
where is the xyphoid process located? lower portion of sternum
loss of bone density osteoporosis
where does hematopoiesis occur? epiphysis (spongy bone)
what makes a rib a true rib? rib is attached to sternum by cartilage
example of a saddle joint? thumb
where the nere fiber meets the muscle neuronmuscular junction
ring like muscle sphincter
which bones encase the brain? parietal, occipital, frontal ( or cranial )
what attaches the bone to the muscle? tendon
6 areas where ossification is incomplete at birth "soft spots" fontanels
end of long bone epiphysis
bones of vertebral system cervical(7), thoracic(12), lumbar(5), sacrum(1), coccyx(1)
bones of lower extremities coxal(2), femur(2), patella(2), tibia(2), fibula(2), tarsals(14), metatarsals(10), phalanges(28)
bones in upper extremities clavicle(2), scapula(2), humerus(2), radius(2), ulna(2), carpals(16), metacarpals(10), phalanges(28)
false ribs(how many?) 10 (5pair)
sinus space or cavity inside some of the cranial bones
with oxygen aerobic
continued increased metabolism that must occur in a cell to remove lactic acid that accumulates during exercise oxygen debt
contracting muscles against heavy resistance strength training
3 types of muscle cardiac (striated, compose bulk of heart) skeletal(striated, voluntary) smooth(non-striated, involuntary)
bursae is made of connective tissue and are line with this? synovial membrane
Created by: kimberli1989