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Chapter 5 Anatomy & Physiology

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The skin and it appendages (Hair, nails, Skin glands) are collectively know as the   Integumentary System  
the outer most layer of the skin that consists of stratified squamous epithelial tissue, is called   Epidermis  
the inner deep layer of the skin that is composed of connective tissue, is called   Dermis  
Finger-like projects that extend upward from the dermis is called   Papillae  
Beneath the skin is a layer of subcutaneous tissue called the   Hypodermis  
this layer is also know as the stratum germinativum   Stratum Basale  
in the layers of the epidermis, the innermost layer is called   Stratum Basale  
in the layers of the epidermis, the outermost layer is called   Stratum Corneum  
new arriving flattened cells are called   Keratinocytes  
these replace the dead cells that flake away   Keratinocytes  
A tough, fibrous protein that replaces the cytoplasm and nucleus in each cell   Keratin  
scatter throughout the basal layer of the epidermis are cells called   Melanocytes  
melanocytes produce a substance that accumulates in the cells of the epidermis called   Melanin  
A reddish pigment is called   Pheomelanin  
Brown-Black pigment is called   Eumelanin  
A deficiency of oxygen in circulating blood, that result in you skin having a blue tint to it is called   Cyanosis  
Yellow discoloration to the skin and whites of the eyes is called   Jaundice  
a golden brown skin color   Bronzing  
extremely pale skin, white hair, and pink eyes   Albinism  
Abnormal redness of the skin   Erythema  
Pale skin   Pallor  
Bluish, black, or yellowish mark on the skin   Bruise  
part of the hair that extends above the skin is called the   Shaft  
each hair lies within a sheath of epidermis called a   Hair Follicle  
the lowest part of the hair where growth occurs   Hair bulb/root  
at the base of the hair is a cluster of connective tissue and blood vessels called the   Papilla  
excessive hair lose is called   Alopecia  
a type of hair lose that is mainly in men who have High levels of testosterone   Male Pattern Baldness  
the fold of skin that surround the nail body is called the   cuticle  
the visible part of the nail is called the   Nail Body  
the crescent shaped white area at the base of the nail is called the   Lunula  
the layer of epithelium under the nail is called   Nail bed  
the proximal end of the nail that's hidden underneath overlaying tissue is called the   Nail Root  
this gland is widespread throughout the body, but are especially abundant on the palms, soles, forehead, and upper torso.   Eccrine Glands  
this gland produces Sweat!   Eccrine Glands  
these glands open into the hair follicle and secretes an oily substance called sebum   Sebaceous Glands  
this helps keep hair and skin from drying out and becoming brittle   Sebum  
this gland is mainly located in the axillary and anogenital regions   Apocrine Glands  
these are scent glands that respond to stress and sexual stimulation   Apocrine Glands  
these glands are found in the ear canal   Ceruminous Glands  
the wax in our ears that we refer to as "ear Wax" is called   Cerumen  


   






 
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