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Abnormal Conditions R/T the Cardiovascular System

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Low erythrocytes, low hemoglobin, one or both   Anemia  
Treated with a blood transfusion   Hemorrhage  
Injury or destruction of bone marrow   Aplastic anemia  
Production of crescent shaped erythrocytes   Sickle cell anemia  
Ballooning of an artery wall   Aneurysm  
S/S of an aneurysm   Pain, Pressure or no symptoms  
Common sites of an aneurysm   Brain, aorta or abdominal artery  
Treatment of an aneurysm   Surgical removal of damaged area, replace area with graft  
Air, blood clot, or fat circulating in the blood stream   Embolus  
An embolus could cause?   Blockage of a blood vessel  
Diuretics are used to treat 2 conditions we talked about   HTN and CHF  
Blood flow to the heart is cut off, causes?   MI  
General S/S of an MI   Crushing CP, Chest pressure, Diaphoretic, Cool/Clammy, N/V  
S/S a woman my have who is having an MI   Fatigue, not feeling "right"  
Home treatment for an MI?   Rest, aspirin, call 911  
Hospital/Ambulance treatment for an MI?   02, Nitroglycerin, Thrombolytics, Cardiac cathertization  
Define BP   Force exerted by the blood against the walls of the arteries.  
Pressure when the heart is contracted   Systole  
Pressure when the heart is relaxed   Diastole  
when measuring BP, the blood is coming from?   Left ventricle  
The name of the sound you hear when you take a BP   Korotkoff sound  
HTN risk factors   Family history, Race, Obesity, Stess, Smoking, Diet,  
Injury or destruction of bone marrow   Aplastic anemia  
Pale,tired, Dyspnea, Tachycardia could be S/S of what condition?   Anemia  
Iron deficiency is treated with?   Iron supplements  
Hardening or thickening of the arterial walls   Arteriosclerosis  
Build of fatty plaque in the blood vessel walls   Atherosclerosis  
How does Atherosclerosis cause an MI   Causes narrowing of the coronary arteries, decrease blood flow to the heart  
HTN and smoking can cause?   MI, Arteriosclerosis, Atherosclerosis  
Why do people with CHF take diuretics?   To get rid of excess fluid in their body  
Why are people with CHF on a low sodium diet?   To help prevent them from retaining fluids  
What is Congestive Heart Failure?   The heart is not pumping as effectively, cannot tolerate the usual fluid capacity  
The following: Atherosclerosis and MI, could cause?   CHF  
S/S of CHF   Edema, Dyspnea, cyanosis, tachycardia, cough with pink frothy sputum  
What do elastic support stockings do?   Increase the blood flow in the legs  
What is happening in a CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Graft) surgery?   The coronary arteries are being surgical replaced using an artery from the leg  
What is a Sphygmomanometer?   A device used to measure Blood Pressure  


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Created by: Ms. Blair