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Conditions Cardiovas

Abnormal Conditions R/T the Cardiovascular System

QuestionAnswer
Low erythrocytes, low hemoglobin, one or both Anemia
Treated with a blood transfusion Hemorrhage
Injury or destruction of bone marrow Aplastic anemia
Production of crescent shaped erythrocytes Sickle cell anemia
Ballooning of an artery wall Aneurysm
S/S of an aneurysm Pain, Pressure or no symptoms
Common sites of an aneurysm Brain, aorta or abdominal artery
Treatment of an aneurysm Surgical removal of damaged area, replace area with graft
Air, blood clot, or fat circulating in the blood stream Embolus
An embolus could cause? Blockage of a blood vessel
Diuretics are used to treat 2 conditions we talked about HTN and CHF
Blood flow to the heart is cut off, causes? MI
General S/S of an MI Crushing CP, Chest pressure, Diaphoretic, Cool/Clammy, N/V
S/S a woman my have who is having an MI Fatigue, not feeling "right"
Home treatment for an MI? Rest, aspirin, call 911
Hospital/Ambulance treatment for an MI? 02, Nitroglycerin, Thrombolytics, Cardiac cathertization
Define BP Force exerted by the blood against the walls of the arteries.
Pressure when the heart is contracted Systole
Pressure when the heart is relaxed Diastole
when measuring BP, the blood is coming from? Left ventricle
The name of the sound you hear when you take a BP Korotkoff sound
HTN risk factors Family history, Race, Obesity, Stess, Smoking, Diet,
Injury or destruction of bone marrow Aplastic anemia
Pale,tired, Dyspnea, Tachycardia could be S/S of what condition? Anemia
Iron deficiency is treated with? Iron supplements
Hardening or thickening of the arterial walls Arteriosclerosis
Build of fatty plaque in the blood vessel walls Atherosclerosis
How does Atherosclerosis cause an MI Causes narrowing of the coronary arteries, decrease blood flow to the heart
HTN and smoking can cause? MI, Arteriosclerosis, Atherosclerosis
Why do people with CHF take diuretics? To get rid of excess fluid in their body
Why are people with CHF on a low sodium diet? To help prevent them from retaining fluids
What is Congestive Heart Failure? The heart is not pumping as effectively, cannot tolerate the usual fluid capacity
The following: Atherosclerosis and MI, could cause? CHF
S/S of CHF Edema, Dyspnea, cyanosis, tachycardia, cough with pink frothy sputum
What do elastic support stockings do? Increase the blood flow in the legs
What is happening in a CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Graft) surgery? The coronary arteries are being surgical replaced using an artery from the leg
What is a Sphygmomanometer? A device used to measure Blood Pressure
Created by: Ms. Blair