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Medical Microbiology - Brooklynn C

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.
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bacilli   bacteria that have a rod shape  
cocci   bacteria that have a round shape  
colony   a mass of bacteria growing on a solid culture medium that have arisen from the multiplication of a single bacterium  
contagious   capable of being transmitted directly or indirectly from one person to another  
culture   the propagation of a mass of microorganisms in a laboratory culture medium  
culture medium   a mixture of nutrients on which microorganisms are grown in the laboratory  
false negative   a test result denoting that a condition is absent when it is actually present  
false positive   a test result denoting that a condition is present when it is actually absent  
fastidious   extremely delicate difficult to culture & involving specialized growth requirements  
immunization   the process of becoming protected from a disease through vaccination  
incubate   in microbiology, the act of placing a culture in a chamber (incubator) that provides optimal growth requirements for the multiplication of the organisms, such as the proper temperature, humidity, & darkness  
incubation period   the interval of time between the invasion by a pathogenic microorganism & the appearance of first symptoms of the disease  
infectious disease   a disease caused by a pathogen that produces harmful effects on its host  
inoculate   to introduce microorganisms into a culture medium for growth & multiplication  
microbiology   the scientific study of microorganisms & their activities  
mucous membrane   a membrane lining body passages or cavities that open to the outside  
normal flora   harmless, nonpathogenic microorganisms that normally reside in many parts of the body but do not cause disease  
resistance   the natural ability of an organism to remain unaffected by harmful substances in its environment  
sequela   a morbid (secondary) condition occurring as a result of a less serious primary infection  
smear   material spread on a slide for microscope examination  
specimen   material spread on a slide for microscope examination a small sample or part taken from the body to show the nature of the whole  
spirilla   a small sample or part taken from the body to show the nature of the whole  
streaking   in microbiology,the process of inoculating a culture to provide for the growth , accomplished by skimming a wire inoculating loop that contains the specimen across the surface of the medium, using a back&forth motion  
streptolysin   an exotoxin produced by beta-hemolytic streptococci, which completely hemolyzed red blood cells  
susceptible   easily affected, lacking resistance  


   






 
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Created by: brooklynncrowe