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Lower Extremities

Bones, Muscles, Arteries, Veins, Nerves

3 parts of the hip bone Ilium, ischium, pubis
fuses the ilium, ischium and pubis triradiate cartilage
longest, heaviest, strongest bone femur
largest sesamoid bone in the body patella
largest, heviest and most coarsely fibered muscle of the body gluteus maximus
strongest extensor of the hip gluteus maximus
key landmark for the passage of blood vessels and nerve in the gluteal region piriformis
formed by obturator internus, superior gemelli, inferior gemelli triceps coxae
supply structures in gluteal region pudendal nerve and sciatic nerve
sensory nerves of the skin of the buttocks clunial nerve, posterior cutaneous, nerve of thigh
largest nerve in the body sciatic nerve
major artery of the posterior compartment before birth inferior gluteal artery
largest branch of the internal iliac artery superior gluteal artery
workhorse of xtension of hip biceps femoris
largest branch of femoral artery; chief artery to the thigh profunda femoris artery
muscles that make up the hamstrings semitendinosous, semimembranosus, biceps femoris
longest vein great saphenous vein
strongest flexor of the thigh iliopsoas
longest muscle in the body sartorius
most superficial muscle in the anterior thigh sartorius
muscles that make up the quadriceps femoris rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vasts medialis, vastus intermedialis
greatest extensor of the leg quadriceps femoris
biggest muscle in the body, main bulk of anterior thigh quadriceps femoris
largest in the medial thigh adductor magnus
most powerful and most posterior muscle in the adductor group adductor magnus
weakest and most superficial adductor muscle gracilis
msot effective lateral rotator of the thigh obturator externus
principal nerve of lumbar plexus obturator nerve (
lateral border of the femoral triangle sartorius
superior border of the femoral triangle inguinal ligamnt
medial border of the femoral triangle adductor longus
contents of the femoral triangle femoral nerves, artery, vein, lymph nodes (canal)
chief arterial supply of the lower extremities femoral artery
chief artery to the thigh profunda femoris artery
chief artery to the femoral head medial circumflex artery
largest branch of lumbar plexus femoral nerve
Created by: mareezyweezy