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Terminology

Ch. 2-4

QuestionAnswer
cancerous pertaining to cancer
carcinogen substance that causes cancer
carcinogenic producing cancer
cyanosis abnormal condition of blue (bluish discoloration of the skin caused by inadequate supply of oxygen in the blood)
diagnosis state of complete knowledge (identifying a disease)
etiology study of causes (of disease)
iatrogenic produced by a physician (the unexpected results from a treatment prescribed by a physician)
iatrology study of medicine
metastasis (mets) (pl. metastases) beyond control (spread of disease from one organ to another, as in the transfer of malignant tumors)
neopathy new disease
oncogenic causing tumors
oncologist study of tumors (a branch of medicine concerned with the study of malignant tumors)
organic pertaining to an organ
organoid resembling an organ
pathogenic producing disease
pathologist a physician who studies disease (examines biopsies and performs autopsies to determine the cause of disease/death)
pathology study of disease (a branch of medicine dealing with the study of the causes of disease/death)
prognosis state of before knowledge (prediction of the outcome of disease)
xanthochromic pertaining to yellow color
xanthosis abnormal condition of yellow (discoloration)
CA carcinoma
chemo chemotherapy
Dx diagnosis
mets metastasis
Px prognosis
RBC red blood cell
XRT radiation therapy
WBC white blood cell
CXR chest x-ray
PCXR portable chest x-ray
anter/o front (CF)
caud/o tail (downward) (CF)
cephal/o head (upward) (CF)
dist/o away (from the point of attachment to the body) (CF)
dors/o back (CF)
infer/o below (CF)
later/o side (CF)
medi/o middle (CF)
poster/o back, behind (CF)
proxim/o near (to the point of attachment of a body part) (CF)
super/o above (CF)
ventr/o belly (CF)
bi- two (prefix)
uni- one (prefix)
-ad toward (suffix)
-ior pertaining to (suffix)
caudad toward the tail (downward)
cephalad toward the head (upward)
lateral (lat) pertaining to a side
medial (med) pertaining to the middle
unilateral pertaining to one side (only)
bilateral pertaining to two sides
mediolateral pertaining to the middle and to the side
distal pertaining to away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
proximal pertaining to near (to the point of attachment of a body part)
inferior (inf) pertaining to below
superior (sup) pertaining to above
caudal pertaining to the tail (similar to inferior in most instances related to human anatomy)
cephalic pertaining to the head
anterior (ant) pertaining to the front
posterior pertaining to the back
dorsal pertaining to the back
ventral pertaining to the belly (front)
anteroposterior (AP) pertaining to the front and to the back
posteroanterior (PA) pertaining to the back and to the front
frontal (coronal) Vertical field passing through the body from side to side, dividing the body into [anterior and posterior] portions
midsagittal vertical field running through the body from front to back at the midline, dividing the body equally into [right and left] halves
parasagittal vertical field running through the body from front to back at the midline, dividing the body into [unequal right and left] halves
sagittal vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into right and left sides (any plane parallel to the midsagittal plane)
transverse horizontal field dividing the body into superior and inferior portions
umbilical region around the navel
lumbar regions to the right and left of the umbilical region, near the waist
epigastric region superior to the umbilical region, generally above the stomach
hypochondriac regions to the right and left of the epigastric region
hypogastric region inferior to the umbilical region
iliac regions to the right and left of the hypogastric region, near the groin
Created by: 517513566