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abdominocentesis centesis of the belly to remove fluid for diagnosis
acronym A word formed from the initial letters of other words
acute of a disease or its symptoms Of short duration but typically severe
Angiography Examination by X-ray of blood or lymph vessels, carried out after introduction of a radiopaque substance.
Appendectomy A surgical operation to remove the appendix.
Arteriosclerosis The thickening and hardening of the walls of the arteries, occurring typically in old age.
Colostomy 1.A surgical operation in which a piece of the colon is diverted to an artificial opening in the abdominal wall so as to bypass a damaged
dermatologist a doctor who specializes in the physiology and pathology of the skin.
diagnosis 1.The identification of the nature of an illness or other problem by examination of the symptoms. 2.The distinctive characterization in precise terms of a genus, species, or phenomenon.
diarrhea A condition in which feces are discharged from the bowels frequently and in a liquid form.
edma Ethylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (EDMA; MDMC) is an entactogen drug of the amphetamine class. It is an analogue of MDMA
endarterial of or relating to the intima of an artery
eponym 1.A person after whom a discovery, invention, place, etc., is named. 2.A name or noun formed in such a way.
Erythrocyte A red blood cell that (in humans) is typically a biconcave disk without a nucleus. Erythrocytes contain the pigment hemoglobin, which...
fissure any cleft or groove, normal or otherwise, especially a deep fold in the cerebral cortex involving its entire thickness. a fault in the enamel surface of a tooth
Fistula A Fistula is a permanent abnormal passageway between two organs in the body or between an organ and the exterior of the body.
gastralgia pain in the stomach
Gastritis Inflammation of the lining of the stomach.
Gastroenteritis Inflammation of the stomach and intestines, from bacterial toxins or viral infection.
gastrosis Any disease of the stomach
hemorrhage An escape of blood from a ruptured blood vessel.
hepatomegaly abnormal enlargement of the liver
Hypertension Abnormally high blood pressure.
Hypotension Abnormally low blood pressure
Infection .The process of infecting or the state of being infected. .An infectious disease: "a bacterial infection".
inflammation A localized physical condition in which part of the body becomes reddened, swollen, hot, and often painful, esp. as a reaction to injury
interstitial 1.Of, forming, or occupying interstices: "the interstitial space". .(of minute animals) Living in the spaces between individual sand grains in the soil or aquatic sediments
intramuscular Situated or taking place within, or administered into, a muscle
laceration a torn ragged wound
lesion A region in an organ or tissue that has suffered damage.
mycosis A disease caused by infection with a fungus, such as ringworm or thrush
myelopathy Disease of the spinal cord
Myopathies A disease of muscle tissue
myorrhexis Tearing of a muscle.
natal 1.Of or relating to the place or time of one's birth. 2.Of or relating to the buttocks: "the natal cleft
aerophagia Aerophagia is associated with chewing gum, smoking, drinking carbonated drinks, eating too fast, CPAP air pressure (if it's too high) and wearing loose dentures. In people with cervical spinal blockages, inhaling can cause air to enter the esophagus
amebic dysentery Dysentery caused by infection of the intestines by the protozoan
anastomosis cross-connection between adjacent channels, tubes, or other parts of a network. A connection made surgically between adjacent blood vessels or parts of the intestine, or the operation in which this is constructed
anorexia nervosa psychological disorder characterized by somatic delusions that you are too fat despite being emaciated
antiemetic a drug that prevents or alleviates nausea and vomiting.
aphthous ulcers A type of oral ulcer, which presents as a painful open
ascites The accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, causing abdominal swelling.
bariatrics The branch of medicine that deals with the study and treatment of obesity
borborygmus A rumbling or gurgling noise made by the movement of fluid and gas in the intestines.
botulism Food poisoning caused by botulinum growing on improperly sterilized canned meats and other preserved foods.
bulimia nervosa Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by recurrent binge eating, followed by compensatory behaviors.
cachexia Weakness and wasting of the body due to severe chronic illness
cheilosis a disorder of the lips marked by scaling and fissures at the corners of the mouth; caused by a deficiency of riboflavin.
cholangiography X-ray examination of the bile ducts, used to locate and identify an obstruction
cholangitis inflammation of the bile ducts
cholecystitis Inflammation of the gallbladder
cholecystectomy Surgical removal of the gallbladder.
choledocholithotomy Surgery that involves the removal of one or more obstructive gallstones from the common bile duct.
cholelithiasis The formation of gallstones.
cholera An infectious and often fatal bacterial disease of the small intestine, caused by the bacterium
cirrhosis A chronic disease of the liver marked by degeneration of cells, inflammation, and fibrous thickening of tissue.
colonoscopy visual examination of the colon (with a colonoscope) from the cecum to the rectum; requires sedation.
crohns disease Crohn's disease, also known as inflammatory bowel disease, regional enteritis, and Granulomatous ileocolitis disease
diverticulitis Inflammation of a diverticulum, esp. in the colon, causing pain and disturbance of bowel function.
diverticulosis A condition in which diverticula are present in the intestine without signs of inflammation.
dyspepsia Indigestion.
dysphagia condition in which swallowing is difficult or painful
emesis The action or process of vomiting.
enteritis Inflammation of the intestine, esp. the small intestine, usually accompanied by diarrhea.
eructation The act or an instance of belching
esophageal varices are extremely dilated sub-mucosal veins in the lower third of the esophagus.
esophagogastroduodenoscopy is a diagnostic endoscopic procedure that visualizes the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract up to the duodenum.
gastroduodenostomy is a surgical procedure where the doctor creates a new connection between the stomach and the duodenum.
gastroesophageal reflux disease is a condition in which the stomach contents (food or liquid) leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach).
gastrostomy tube a tube inserted through a small incision in the abdomen into the stomach and is used for long-term enteral nutrition
hematemsis the vomiting of blood. The source is generally the upper gastrointestinal tract. Patients can easily confuse it with hemoptysis (coughing up blood), although the latter is more common
hemoccult test A test that checks for hidden blood in the stool..
hepatitis is swelling and inflammation of the liver. It is not a condition, but is often used to refer to a viral infection of the liver
herpes labialis an infection of the lips, mouth, or gums due to the herpes simplex virus. It causes small, painful blisters commonly called cold sores or fever blisters
hiatal hernia a condition in which part of the stomach sticks upward into the chest, through an opening in the diaphragm. The diaphragm is the sheet of muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen
hyperemesis a condition that occurs during pregnancy and is a severe form of morning sickness.
ileus a partial or complete blockage of the bowel that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing through.
inguinal hernia a sac formed by the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum). The sac comes through a hole or weak area in the fascia, the strong layer of the abdominal wall that surrounds the muscle.
juandice a yellow color of the skin, mucus membranes, or eyes. The yellow coloring comes from bilirubin, a byproduct of old red blood cells.
melena The passage of black tarlike stools containing blood that has been acted on by the intestinal juices.
morbid obesity having too much body fat. It is not the same as being overweight, which means weighing too much
nasogastric intubation a medical process involving the insertion of a plastic tube (nasogastric tube or NG tube) through the nose, past the throat, and down into the stomach.
obesity having too much body fat
peridontium refers to the specialized tissues that both surround and support the teeth, maintaining them in the maxillary and mandibular bones.
peristalsis a radially symmetrical contraction and relaxation of muscles which propagates in a wave down the muscular tube, in an anterograde fashion.
proctopexy Surgical fixation of a prolapsed rectum
reguritation the expulsion of material from the mouth, pharynx, or esophagus, usually characterized by the presence of undigested food or blood.
salmonellosis an infection in the lining of the small intestine caused by Salmonella bacteria
sigmoidoscopy Examination of the sigmoid colon by means of a flexible tube inserted through the anus.
stomatorrhagia hemorrhage of the mouth
trismus Spasm of the jaw muscles, causing the mouth to remain tightly closed, typically as a symptom of tetanus.
ulcerative colitis a serious chronic inflammatory disease of the large intestine and rectum characterized by recurrent episodes of abdominal pain and fever.
volvulus An obstruction caused by twisting of the stomach or intestine
xerostomia abnormal dryness of the mouth resulting from decreased secretion of saliva
Created by: xeniarenee