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Medical Vocab. Words

Medical Voacabulary WordAnswer
abdomain abdomen
angi blood or lymph vessel
append appendix
arteri artery
arthr joint
col colon, large inteatine
cyan blue
dermat skin
erythr red
gastr stomach, belly
hem relating to the blood
hepat liver
muscl muscle
abdomain abdomen
nat birth
angi blood or lymph vessel
append appendix
arteri artery
arthr joint
col colon, large inteatine
cyan blue
dys bad, difficult, painful
dermat skin
hyper excessive, increase
erythr red
gastr stomach, belly
hem relating to the blood
hepat liver
muscl muscle
my muscle
nat birth
neur nerve, neerve tissue
ot ear, hearing
rhin nose
path diease, suffering, feeling emotion
tonsil tonsil, throat
vir poison, virus
dys bad, difficult, painful
hyper excessive, increase
hypo deficient, decreased
algia pain, painful condition
etctomy displacement
itis inflammation
osis abnormal condition, disease
ostomy surgically creating an opening
otomy cutting, surgical incision
plasty surgical repair
rrhage bleeding
rrhagia abnormal excessive fluid discharge
rrhaphy surgical suturing
rrhea flow, discharge
rrhexis rupture
sclerosis abnormal hardening
abdominocentesis Surgical puncture of the abdomen by a needle to withdraw fluid
acute Of or relating to a disease or a condition with a rapid onset and a short, severe course.
acronym created from the first letter of the each of the words in a particular phrase
angiography the x-ray study of the blood vessels.
appendectomy the surgical removal of the appendix
arteriosclerosis Any of a group of chronic diseases in which thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls result in impaired blood circulation
arthralgia Severe pain in a joint
cyanosis physical sign causing bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
dermatologist A physician that specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin
diagnosis The act or process of identifying or determining the nature and cause of a disease or injury through evaluation of patient history, examination, and review of laboratory data.
Diarrhea increased frequency or decreased consistency of bowel movements
edema a condition of abnormally large fluid volume in the circulatory system or in tissues between the body's cells
endarterial within an artery
eponym A name of a drug, structure, or disease based on or derived from the name of a person
erythrocyte red blood cell
fissure any cleft or groove, normal or otherwise, especially a deep fold in the cerebral cortex involving its entire thickness
fistula permanent abnormal passageway between two organs in the body or between an organ and the exterior of the body.
gastralgia pain in the stomach
gratritis commonly refers to inflammation of the lining of the stomach
gastroenteritis catchall term for infection or irritation of the digestive tract, particularly the stomach and intestine
hemorrhage the escape of blood from the vessels
hepatomegaly The abnormal enlargement of the liver
hypertension high blood pressure
hypotension The pressure of the blood in the arteries rises and falls as the heart and muscles handle demands of daily living, such as exercise, sleep and stress
hypotension medical term for low blood pressure
infection invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues, an infectious disease.
inflammation a protective tissue response to injury or destruction of tissues
interstitial Relating to or situated in the small, narrow spaces between tissues or parts of an organ.
intramuscular Within a muscle
laceration A jagged wound or cut
lesion any pathological or traumatic discontinuity of tissue or loss of function of a part.
mycosis A disease caused by fungi. A fungal infection in or on a part of the body.
myelopathy any functional disturbance and/or pathological change in the spinal cord
myopathy Any of various abnormal conditions or diseases of the muscular tissues, especially one involving skeletal muscle.
natal pertaining to birth
neonatology The branch of pediatrics that deals with the diseases and care of newborns
neuritis The inflammation of a nerve or group of nerves that is characterized by pain, loss of reflexes, and atrophy of the affected muscles.
otorhinolaryngology The medical specialty concerned with diseases of the ear, nose, and throat.
palpation The examination of the body using the sense of touch
palpitation Perceptible forcible pulsation of the heart, usually with an increase in frequency or force, with or without irregularity in rhythm.
pathology the branch of medicine dealing with the essential nature of disease, especially changes in body tissues and organs that cause or are caused by disease.
phalanges the bones of the fingers and toes
poliomyelitis an acute viral disease usually caused by a poliovirus and marked clinically by fever, sore throat, headache, vomiting, and often stiffness of the neck and back
prognosis A prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease
prostate A gland surrounding the bladder neck and urethra in the male
pyoderma A pyogenic skin disease
pyrosis Same as heartburn
remission Abatement or subsiding of the symptoms of a disease
sign an indication of the existence of something
supination the act of assuming the supine position, or the state of being supine
suppuration The formation or discharge of pus
supracostal Located above the ribs
symptom any subjective evidence of disease or of a patient's condition
syndrome a set of symptoms occurring together1
tonsillitis an infection and swelling of the tonsils
trauma psychological or emotional damage or Injury
triage the sorting out of casualties of war or other disaster to determine priority of need and proper place of treatment.
Viral relating to, or caused by a virus