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Midterm: Unit 2

Unit Two Midterm Review

Bartolomeu Dias (c. 1450 - 1500) (Portugal) Rounded Cape of Good Hope
Vasco da Gama (c. 1460 - 1524) (Portugal) Rounded Cape of Good Hope , but also made few stops at Muslim ports.
John Cabot (England) New England Coastline of the Americas
Bartolome de Las Casas Wrote against encomienda.
Boers Dutch farmers.
King Affonso of Cogo Forced to do slave trade.
Robert Clive Chief Rep. of the East India Company. Used his military brilliance to bring back total British control in India and leave no trace of the French.
Gerardus Mercator (1512 - 1594) Flemish mapmaker. Made one of the most famous map projections.
Ferdinand II Catholic Archbishop (HRE). Took part in the Bohemian phase of the 30 yrs. war.
Christian IV (1588 - 1648) Fought for the protestants the Danish phase of the 30 yrs. war.
Maximilian of Bovaria Joined Ferdinand II on the Catholic side of the Bohemian phase of the 30 yrs. war.
Gustavus Adolphus (1611 - 1635) Responsible for retrieving Sweden and making it a major Baltic power by aiding the Protestants in the Swedish phase of the 30 yrs. war.
Wallenstein Bohemian nobleman who fought for the Catholics in the Bohemian phase of the 30 yrs. war.
Peace of Westphalia (1648) Ended war in Germany and in ensures that all German states were free to determine their own religion.
Bishop Bossuet (1627 - 1704) "Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Holy Scripture" : Divine Right
Louis XIV (1643 - 1715) "Sun King" : Versailles
Peter the Great (1689 - 1725) Tsar of Russia : Tried to Westernize Russia.
The Great Northern War Sweden (Charles XII) vs. Russia (Peter) = Battle of Neva (1700) : Beginning of War. Peter eventually built St. Petersburg with the land that he gained.
Charles XII (1697 - 1718) Lost most of Sweden's northern borders to Russia.
William III Of Orange (1672 - 1702) Glorious Revolution ; William and Mary.
James I (r. 1603 - 1625) (England) Divine Right ; Parliament problems ; Got rid of Star Chamber
Charles I (1625 - 1649) (England) Petition of Right (found ways around taxation law)
English Civil War (1642 - 1646) Parliament (New Model Army - Oliver Cromwell) vs. King
Oliver Cromwell (1599 - 1658) Created New Model Army ; Led commonwealth England (1649 - 1653)
Rump Parliament (1648 - 1653) Promote divinity and restrict Puritans ; Blasphemy Act of 1650 (stopped religious zeal) ; Adultery Act (death penalty for adultery)
Charles II (1660 - 1685) (England) Declaration of Indulgences (suspended laws passed by Parliament against Catholics and Puritans) ; Parliament passed the Test Act of 1673 (allowed only Anglicans to hold military and civil offices) in retaliation.
James II (1685 - 1688) (England) Went against the Test Act of 1673 and revised the Declaration of Indulgences.
William and Mary Bill of Rights and Toleration Act of 1689 (granted Puritans rights of public worship).
Thomas Hobbes (1588 - 1679) "Leviathan" (1651) : Need for Absolute Monarchy.
John Locke (1632 - 1704) "Two Treatises of Government" : Against absolutism b/c he believed that humans lived in a state of equality and freedom rather than a state of war.
Mannerism Art style that reflected an anxiety-filled, uncertain, suffering, and yearning environment.
El Greco (Mannerism) : Domenikos Theotocopoulos (1541- 161)
Baroque Art style that used dramatic effects to express emotion.
Bernini (1598 - 1680) Saint Peters Basilica
Gentileschi (1593 - 1653) Heroines from the Old Testament
French Classicism Act of reviving Renaissance art when the French took over Italy as the cultural center of Europe.
Rembrandt (1606 - 1669) Finest product of the golden age of Dutch painting.
Racine (1639 - 1699) "Phedre" : Showed perfection in French neoclassical tragic style.
Moliere (1622 - 1673) "Tartuffe" : Enjoyed the favor of the French court and benefited from the patronage of King Louis XIV.
Created by: shivi88