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Ch.11 Digestive Syst

Medical Terminology class Chapter 11 Digestive System

INTESTIN / O intestine
STAPHYL / O bunch of grapes
STREPT / O twisted
- AISE ease
- FLUX flow
- TRIPSY crushing
RE - back
APPEND / O appendix
APPENDIC / O appendix
CHOLANGI / O bile duct; bile vessel
CHOLECYST / O gallbladder (gb)
CHOLEDOCH / O common bile duct
COL / O colon
ENTER / O small intestine; intestine
GASTR / O stomach
GINGIV / O gums; gingiva
GLOSS / O tongue
HEPAT / O liver
ILE / O ileum
LABI / O lips
LAPAR / O abdomen
LINGU / O tongue
LITH / O stone; calculus
OREX / O appetite
OR / O mouth
STOMAT / O mouth
- EMESIS vomiting
- PHAGIA eating; swallowing
- PEPSIA digestion
- STOMY new opening
DIA - through; complete
MAL - bad
LIVER FUNCTION produces bile
PANCREAS FUNCTION secretes enzymes and hormones
PALATE roof of the mouth
UVULA sac-like structure at back of palate closes off the nasal passage during swallowing
PHARYNX throat
PERISTALSIS pushes bolus through the esophagus
SPHINCTERS circular muscles that keep food moving on one direction
STOMACH REGIONS cardia, antrum, body, fundus
BOLUS wet ball of food
CHYME partially digested food (semiliquid)
RUGAE folds in stomach
PERISTALTIC WAVES wave like contractions push bolus down esophagus & stomach
ESOPHAGEAL HIATUS opening in diaphragm
PYLORIC SPHINCTER another sphincter where food leaves he stomach
BOWEL refers to the large & small intestine
ANAL CANAL final segment of the rectum
PERITONEUM membrane lining the abdominal and pelvic cavities and covering its organs
SMALL INTESTINE (duodenum, jéjunum, ileum) function: absorb nutrients from digested food and pass them into bloodstream
DUODENUM food enters after leaving stomach
Sac-like structure at the back of the mouth is? UVULA
Roof of the mouth is (fundus/cardia/palate) PALATE
Food enters the small intestine as a semiliquid substance called (bolus/chyme) CHYME
The esophageal hiatus is located in the (stomach/esophagus/diaphragm) DIAPHRAGM
The (funds/hiatus/antrum/sphincter) is defined as a tight circular muscle. SPHINCTER
Which of the following is not part of the stomach? (body/hiatus/rugae/cardia) HIATUS
The organ located between the oral cavity and esophagus is the ______. PHARYNX
The organ that empties food into the stomach is __________. ESOPHAGUS
Food leaves the stomach and enters the __________. DUODENUM
The transverse colon is part of the ____________. LARGE INTESTINE
The duodenum is part o f the ___________. SMALL INTESTINE
The function of the small intestine is the _________ of nutrients. ABSORPTION
The appendix is located on the ________ side of the abdomen. RIGHT
LIVER located: RUQ function: PRODUCES BILE
PERITONEUM membrane lining the abdominal & pelvic cavities and covering its organs
The hepatic ducts carry bile from the (gallbladder/liver) LIVER
A greenish yellow fluid stored in gallbladder is (glucagon/bile) BILE
The (pancreas/liver) regulates blood sugar PANCREAS
The peritoneum lines the (abdominal/thoracic) cavity ABDOMINAL
ASCITIC pertaining to ascites (accumulation of fluid in the abdomen)
APHAGIA inability to swalllow
CIRRHOSIS liver disease
DYSPHAGIA difficulty swallowing
HEPATOMA tumor of the liver
ILEUM the distal portion of the small intestine
LABIAL pertaining to the lip
GLOSSITIS inflammation of tongue
ANOREXIA loss of appetite
COLIC severe abdominal pains. pertaining to the colon
COLOSTOMY creation of a new opening b/w colon and abdominal walls
MALAISE a feeling of uneasiness or discomfort. sign of illness
DYSPEPSIA indigestion
HYPEREMESIS excessive vomiting
LITHOTRIPSY crushing of gallstones into pebbles tiny enough to be removed w/o surgery
CHOLECYSTOLITHIASIS condition of stones in the gallbladder
MELANEMESIS black vomit
HEMATEMESIS vomiting of blood
POLYPHAGIA excessive eating
GINGIVITUS inflamed gums
GLOSSITIS inflammation go the tongue
COLITIS inflammation of the colon
GASTROENTERITIS inflammation of the stomach and intestines
HERNIA protrusion or displacement of an organ through a structure that normally holds it in place. (inquinal hernia is a common hernia which is displacement of intestine into the groin area)
CROHN'S DISEASE a form a inflammatory bowel disease that can involve any part of the digestive tract
ULCERS wearing away of the mucous membrane lining the digestive tract
Created by: s.thomas815