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PACTACLET BTM

Boarding Team Member study guide

QuestionAnswer
Coast Guard's Use of Force Policy MLEM 4-4 Only that force reasonably necessary under the circumstances may be used. Force shall never be used where assigned duties can be discharged without them. Excessive force shall never be used.
When Use of Deadly Force is Authorized 1- Self-Protection 2- To Compel Compliance with an Order the CG has authority to issue 3- To prevent a Federal Crime 4- To prevent an Escape or Effect an Arrest 5- To prevent Theft, Damage, or Destruction of Property the CG is to protect
Active Resistor MLEM 4-7 A subject who does not follow the officer's verbal direction and offers physical resistance that may or may not prevent the officer from gaining control, but does not attempt to harm the officer.
3 Element of Jurisdiction 1- Location 2- Substantive Law 3- Vessel Status/Flag
Active Aggressor MLEM 4-7 A subject who attempts to harm or attack the officer.
14 USC 2 MLEM 1-3 The Coast Guard shall enforce or assist in the enforcement of all applicable federal laws on, under, and over the high seas and waters subject to jurisdiction of the United States.
Intermediate Weapons MLEM 4-9 LEVEL 5: Techniques or actions with a high probability of causing connective tissue damage, lacerations of the skin, or broken bones. (ex: baton)
Verbal Commands MLEM 4-8 LEVEL 2: Task direction with consequences aimed at the subject.
Fatal Funnel An area extending in a funnel-shaped pattern from any opening or door.
Allowable Length of an Expandable Baton Steel shaft that is silver in color and corrosion resistant, no knurling or sharp edges, foam or similar non slip grip, 15-22 inches when expanded.
Define Contact & Cover Contact = the LE officer that does the communicating Cover = the LE officer that stands by in defense.
Search Incident to Arrest MLEM B-12 A detailed "Crush and Feel" search of an arrested individual, A thorough search of the outer clothing and grab area; Looking for weapons, evidence, or means of escape.
Extended Initial Safety Inspection (EISI) Conducted only to identify or locate known weapons, unaccounted-for persons, or known safety hazards to the Boarding Team.
14 USC 89(a) MLEM 2-3 THE COAST GUARD MAY MAKE SEARCHES, EXAMINATIONS, ARRESTS, SEIZURES, INSPECTIONS, AND INQUIRIES UPON THE HIGH SEAS AND WATERS OVER WHICH THE COAST GUARD HAS THE JURISDICTION FOR THE PREVENTION,DETECTION, AND SUPPRESSION OF VIOLATIONS OF THE LAWS OF THE US.
Levels of Force Continuum MLEM CH 4 6- Deadly Force 5- Intermediate Weapons 4- Aggressive Response Techniques 3- Control Techniques 2- Verbal Commands 1- Officer Presence.
4 Types of Subjects MLEM 4-7 Passive Compliant, Passive Resistor Active Resistor, Active Aggressor.
Jurisdiction Triangle Activity/Offense + Location + Person/Vessel.
Define Cover Cover can stop a round.
Define Concealment Concealment only hides you, but doesn't stop a bullet.
2 Times it's Appropriate to Draw your Weapon 1- If Deadly Force is AUTHORIZED 2- There is a reasonable possibility that the use of Deadly Force may be Required.
Reasonable Suspicion MLEM B-11 The belief by a reasonable and prudent person based on articulable facts that something has happened.
Aggressive Response Techniques MLEM 4-8 LEVEL 4: Techniques or actions with a probability of causing connective tissue damage, lacerations of the skin, or broken bones, or that will produce irritation of the skin, eyes, and/or mucous membranes. (ex: OC spray, take-downs)
Basic Initial Safety Inspection (BISI) MLEM CH 2 A quick and limited protective inspection of a vessel.
3 Elements of the Deadly Force Triangle Weapon + Opportunity + Action (Opportunity = Maximum Effective Range + Unrestricted Access)
Control Techniques MLEM 4-8 LEVEL 3: Techniques or actions with a low probability of causing connective tissue damage, lacerations of the skin, or broken bones.
Substantive Law MLEM 2-9 A Law that Prohibits Certain Action, or Requires Affirmative Conduct.
Frisk Search MLEM B-8 The crushing and passing of hands over the outer clothing of a person in search of weapons; when an officer suspects an individual may have a weapon that poses a threat to the Boarding Team or others; looking for weapons.
Reactionary Gap Maintain a 4-6' distance from the subject.
Attack Triangle 1- Personal Protection 2- To Effect a Lawful Arrest or Prevent an Escape 3- Protection of Property, if authorized 4- Military Situations.
Acronym for dealing with Emotional Subjects L: Listen E: Empathize A: Ask P: Paraphrase S: Summarize.
Officer Presence MLEM 4-8 LEVEL 1: An officer's appearance, demeanor, and verbal and non-verbal communication that creates an atmosphere of compliance.
Passive Resistor MLEM 4-7 A subject who does not follow the officer's verbal directions, but does not offer physical resistance to the officer gaining control.
Probable Cause MLEM B-11 The level of suspicion which would cause a reasonable and prudent person to believe a crime as been committed.
Jurisdiction MLEM 2-9 The Government's Power to Exercise its Authority over persons, vessels, or territory.
2 Types of Force Deadly & Non-Deadly.
Deadly Force MLEM B-5 Level 6: Any force that is likely to cause serious injury or death.
Authority MLEM 2-3 The Government's Legal Power to Act.
Passive Compliant MLEM 4-7 A subject who follows the officer's verbal direction.
Define Serious Bodily Injury MLEM B-12 Actual Physical Injury to the Body that results in: -unconsciousness -protracted and obvious disfigurement -protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faulty.
Posse Comitatus MLEM 5-4 18 USC 1385/10 USC 375 Historically prohibits U.S. Navy and other DOD personnel from directly enforcing U.S. law or directly participating in LE activities unless expressly authorized by Congress.
10 USC 379 FARM 49 The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall provide that there be assigned on board every appropriate surface naval vessel at sea in a drug interdiction area members of the coast guard who are trained in law enforcement and
10 USC 379 FARM 49 CONT. have powers of the Coast Guard under title 14, including the power to make arrest and to out searches and seizures. No fewer than 500 active duty personnel of the Coast Guard shall be assigned each fiscal year to duty under this section.
14 USC 637 CD/AMIO 1-3 Authorizes the use of warning shots and disabling fire to stop vessels subject to U.S. examinations, and indemnifies the Navy for damages caused when exercising the authority.
PDD-9 MLEM 6-6 US government will take the necessary measures to preempt, interdict, and deter alien smuggling into the US. The Coast Guard will attempt to interdict and hold smuggled aliens as far as possible from the US border and to repatriate them when appropriate.
Statement of no objection (SNO)MLEM B-13 The means by which a coast guard flag officer informs a subordinate commander that the flag officer does not object to the proposed use of the subordinate commander's lawful discretion and authority.
Maritime Operational Threat Response (MOTOR) MLEM D-3 A strategic level plan to achieve a coordinate US Government response consistent with desired national outcomes to threats against the us and its interests in the maritime domain.
Created by: sfprice