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Plan Making 1 to 4

AICP Test Nov 2012

QuestionAnswer
The plan making process includes: 1.Goals and visions; 2. Analysis of current problems; and 3.Creation of alternatives
Strategic Planning is used to assist an organization in guiding its future. Strategic planning sets goals, objectives, and policies for reaching the set objectives
The strategic plan should address several major questions: 1.What is the current situation and how is that situation likely to change in the foreseeable future? 2.Where are we going as an organization? 3.How will we get there?
Eight elements to a strategic plan: Analyze the community’s needs Identify results - determine what long-term objectives the city is going to pursue Admit uncertainties - analyze the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) relating to the objectives. Involve strategic sta
Strategic planning is sometimes use instead of comprehensive planning, yet it is not comprehensive in scope
Strategic planning is helpful in looking at the needed organizational changes or a particular issue, but it cannot be used to effectively plan a city as a whole.
Visioning is a process whereby citizens attend a series of meetings that provide the opportunity for them to offer input on how the community could be in the future.
Planners use visioning processes to help citizens develop a conception of the future.
The citizens develop a vision statement, which is then broken down into themes that represent the consensus of the community’s goals for the future.
A visioning plan typically has a 20- to 30-year time horizon
A goal is a general statement that may not be realized, but is something towards which to strive. An example would be a healthy environment.
An objective is a more specific and attainable statement. An example would be to increase the riparian buffer along the rivers and streams.
Data can be collected from primary source through a survey,observation, or other methods. Additionally, data can be collected from secondary sources, such as the U.S. Census, regional planning agencies, etc.
Surveys are frequently used to obtain citizen input on planning issues.
A survey is a research method that allows one to collect data on a topic that cannot be directly observed, such as opinions on downtown retailing opportunities
Surveys are used extensively in planning to assess attitudes and characteristics of the public on a wide range of topics.
Surveys typically take a sample of a population. For example, 500 out of 5,000 households in a community might be mailed a survey.
A cross-sectional survey gathers information about a population at a single point in time. For example, planners might conduct a survey on how parents feel about the quality of recreation facilities as of today
As an alternative, planners may conduct longitudinal surveys over a period of time. Some cities conduct a citizen survey of service satisfaction every couple of years. This data can be combined to compare the differences in satisfaction between 1995 and 2005. over a period of time. Some cities
There are several different types of surveys Written surveys, Group-administered surveys, Drop-off survey, Oral surveys , Phone surveys
Written surveys can be mailed, printed in a newspaper, or administered in a group setting. Written surveys are very popular when a planner is trying to obtain information from a broad audience, such as general opinions about the community
Group-administered surveys re appropriate when there is a specific population that a planner is trying to target. This form of survey allows a high and quick response rate. The difficulty with administering this survey is getting everyone together to complete the survey.
Drop-off survey allows the survey to be dropped off at someone’s residence or business. Respondents are free to complete the survey at their convenience. Response rates are higher than with a mail survey because the person dropping off the survey may have personal contac
Oral surveys can be administered on the phone or in person.
Phone surveys are useful when you need yes/no answers. Surveys on the phone or in person allow the interviewer to follow up and gain further explanation on answers. The response rate varies greatly, depending on the ability to reach potential respondents.
In designing a survey the following points are important: Make all questions clear (don't use technical jargon). Make sure each question only asks about one issue. Make questions as short as possible. Avoid negative items as they can confuse respondents. Avoid biased items and terms. Use a consistent r
he U.S. Geological Survey uses the 1:24,000 scale
1:24,000 means that 1 inch represents 2,000 linear feet.
1:62,500 means that 1 inch represents 0.98 miles.
1:500,000 means that 1 inch equals 7.89 miles.
1:2,000,000 means that 1 inch equals 31.57 miles.
To convert the 1:2,000,000 scale into a distance in linear miles, you would divide 2,000,000 inches by 12 since there are 12 inches in a foot. Then you divide the number by 5,280 since there are 5,280 feet in a mile, which equals 31.57 miles
Created by: CitiesExplore