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Culture for NIC

Deaf Culture for NIC Written Exam

Culture Knowledge, beliefs, art, morals, laws, customs and any other capabilities and habits acquired as a member of a group... Including language.
Deaf Culture A compilation of experiences and solutions that Deaf people have found to be effective in providing them with productive lives. A shared language, importance of social activities, passing culture through stories and attending residential schools.
Deaf Community Members of the Deaf community are influenced culturally, politically and practically, individually and collectively by ideas and movements in the surrounding culture.
Difference between Deaf culture and Deaf community The Deaf community is the people while Deaf culture is their way of life.
High Context cultures Societies or groups where people have close connections over a long period of time. Many aspects of culture behavior are not made explicit because it is known. Shared knowledge, common experiences, goals and beliefs.
Low Context cultures Societies where people tend to have many connections but of a shorter duration or for a specific reason. Cultural behvaiors and beliefs are implicit. Diverse set of backgrounds, different socioeconomic classes, education and religions.
Proxemics The prefered conversational distance between people in different situations. Socially - converstational distance. Personally - furnature, interiror of rooms, environment.
Kinesics Anything not spoken. Non-verbal behaviors such as body language/gestures, facial experessions or eye gaze.
Individualism (Individualist Culture) 30% of the world's cultures. Values of society is "what is best for me". Don't ask others, seperate from parents. One is encouraged to be independent, self-relient, and always ready to take responsibility for own actions.
Collectivism (Collectivist Culture) 70% of the world's cultures. Strong identity with the group, what is best for the group. Help each other survive, duty to share. You are in or out.
Monochronic Culture Time is segmented linearly, focus on one thing or person at a time. Meetings are held to strict schedules and the task at hand. Life is compartmentalized.
Polychronic Culture Relationships take prescedence over agendas and schedules. Take time to find out about other people's lives.
Past Oriented Cultures Connected to their history. Keep their traditions such as name signs for Deaf Culture. Don't like change unless agreed upon by the group.
Future Oriented Cultures Focused on change and progress. Change is good.
Deaf culture is what kinds of cultures? Collectivist: What is best for the group. High Context: Shared knowledge, common experiences, goals and beliefs. Polychronic: People come first. Past oriented - traditional.
Hearing culture is what kinds of cultures? Low Context, Individualist, Monochromatic and Future oriented.
Created by: Swtstems
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