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Anatomy Vocab #1

Anatomy/Physiology Vocabulary Words 1-25

QuestionAnswer
The lower part of the trunk below the level of the ninth pair of ribs. It contains the major parts of the digestive and excretory systems as well as many endocrine glands. Abdomen
Withdrawal of the body from the axis of the body or of an extremity. Abduction
The passage of materials through a cell membrane by either diffusion or osmosis. Absorption
A substance produced at the junction of nerve and muscle fibers which results in the contraction of the muscle. Acetycholine
One of the two proteins concerned in muscle contraction. Actin
The electric current accompanying the activity of any reacting tissue. Action Current
Any movement resulting in one part of the body or a limb being brought toward another or the median line of the body. Adduction
A compound of one molecule of adenine, one of ribose, and two of phosphoric acid. Adenosinediphosphate (ADP)
A compound consisting of one molecule of adenine, one of ribose, and three of phosphoric acid. Adenosinetriphosphate (ATP)
A type of tissue in which each cell contains a single large vacuole filled with oil. Adiposetissue
The passage of a nervous impulse toward the CNS or blood through the heart. Afferent
The retention of a visual image on the retina of the eye after the light stimulus has been cut off. Afterimage
The clumping together of cells, caused by the chemical action of agglutinins on their surfaces. Agglutination
A chemical substance which affects the outer layer of a cell's membrane and makes it sticky. Agglutinin
A chemical substance in the cell's membrane toward which the agglutinin is antagonistic. Agglutinogen
A relatively simple type of protein. Albumin
The excretion of albumin in the urine. Albuminuria
Occurring completely or not at all, as the response of a nerve or a muscle bundle to a stimulus. All or None
A chemical compound that contains both the amine (NH2) and the organic acid (COOH) radicals. Amino Acid
Those chemical processes occurring during the life of a cell that result in the formation of new protoplasm or the replacement of old. Anabolism
A stage in mitosis that is characterized by the migration of chromosome halves to opposite poles of the cell. Anaphase
The branch of the biological sciences dealing with visible body structures. Anatomy
A condition resulting from a lowering of the amount of hemoglobin in the body. Anemia
The condition resulting from a lack of oxygen. Anoxia
The opposing action of the members of a pair of skeletal muscles. Antagonistic Action of Muscles
Created by: ksalazar