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Sports Med Chap.1

Terms and Defs

Flexion Decrease angle of a joint
Extension Increase angle of a joint
Hyperflexion Decrease angle beyond normal limits
Hyperextension Increase beyond normal limits
Distal Furthest from midline
Proximal closest to midline
Abduction Movement away from midline
Adduction Movement towards midline
Circumduction movement in a circle
Torsion Twisting of a joint
Pronation Face down
Supination Face up
Medial Positioned towards midline
Lateral Positioned away from midline
Anterior Front
Posterior Back
Ligament Attaches bone to bone
Tendon Attaches muscle to bone
Muscle Creates movement of joints
Joint Articulation of at least 2 bones
Tendinitis Inflammation of a tendon
Bursitis Inflammation of a bursa
Contusion Bruise
Strain Stretched muscle or tendon
Sprain Stretched ligament
Rupture Complete tear
Fracture Broken bone
Open Fracture Bone sticks through skin
Closed Fracture Bone stays inside of skin
Sign Something an observer can see
Symptom Something an observer cannot see
Hemotoma Pooling of blood
Dislocation When a joint comes apart & stays apart
Subluxation Partial dislocation that comes back together.
Created by: snelson637