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bio 1-20

QuestionAnswer
aden, adeno gland, adeniform, resembling a gland in shape
adren toward the kidney adrenal gland, adjacent to the kidney
af towards afferent neurons, which carry impulse to the central nerbous system
alb white corpus albicans of the ovary, a white scar tissue
aliment nourish alimentary canal, or digestive tract
amphi on both side , of body kinds amphibian, and organism capable of living in H20, on land
angi vessels anglitis, inflamation of a lymph vessel or blood vessels
capill - hair blood & lymph capillaries
capill- hair blood & lymph capillaries
caput- head decapitate, remove the head
carcin- cancer carcinogen, a cancer-causing agent
cardi, cardio- heart cardiotoxic, harmful to the heart
cata- down catabolism, chemical breakdown
caud- tail caudal (directional term)
cephal- head cephalometer, an instrument for measuring the head
cerebro- brain, especially the cerebrum cerebrospinal, pertaining to the brain & spinal cord
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1 relax for a few min!!!!
cervic-, cervix neck cervix of the uterus
chiasm- crossing optic chiasma, where optic nerves cross
chole- bile cholesterol; cholecystokinin, a bile-secreting hormone
chondr- cartilage chondrogenic, giving rise to cartilage
circum- around circumnuclear, surrounding the nucleus
cochlea snail shell the cochlea of the inner ear, which is coiled like a snail shell
contra- against contraceptive, agent preventing conception
cutic- skin cuticle of the nail
cyan- blue cyanosis, blue color of the skin due to lack of O2
cyst- sac, bladder cystitis, inflammation of the urinary bladder
derm- skin dermis, deep layer of the skin
dia- through, between diaphragm, the wall through or between two areas
dialys- separate, break apart kidney dialysis, in which waste products are removed from the blood
diastol- stand apart cardiac diastole, between successive contractions of the heart
diure- urinate diuretic, a drug that increases urine output
45. duc-, duct lead, draw ductus deferens which carries sperm from the epididymus into the urethra during ejaculation
46. ectop- displaced ectopic pregnancy; ectopic focus for initiation of heart
contraction
47. edem- swelling edema, accumulation of H2O in body tissues
48. ef- away efferent nerve fibers, which carry impulses away from the
central nervous system
49. ejac- to shoot forth ejaculation of semen
50. embol- wedge embolus, an obstructive object traveling in the bloodstream
51. enceph- brain encephalitis, inflammation of the brain
52. endo- within, inner endocytosis, taking particles into a cell
53. entero- intestine enterologist, one who specializes in the study of
intestinal disorders
54. epi- over, above epidermis, outer layer of skin
55. erythr- red erythema, redness of the skin; erythrocyte, red blood cell
56. eu- well euesthesia, a normal state of the senses
57. excret separate excretory system
58. ferr- iron transferrin, ferritin, both iron-storage proteins
59. folli- bag, bellows hair follicle
60. foram- opening foramen magnum of the skull
61. gam-, gamet- married, spouse gametes, the sex cells
62. gastr- stomach gastrin, a hormone that influences gastric acid secretion
63. glauc- gray glaucoma, which causes gradual blindness
64. glom- ball glomeruli, clusters of capillaries in the kidneys
65. glosso- tongue glossopathy, any disease of the tongue
66. gluco-, glyco- sugar. gluconeogenesis, the production of glucose from
noncarbohydrate molecules
67. gon-, gono- seed, offspring gonads, the sex organs
68. gust- taste gustatory sense, the sense of taste
69. hema-, hemato-, hemo- blood hematocyst, a cyst containing blood
70. hemi- half hemiglossal, pertaining to one-half of the tongue
71. hepat- liver hepatitis, inflammation of the liver
72. hetero- different or other heterosexuality, sexual desire for a person of the
opposite sex
73. hist- tissue histology, the study of tissues
74. holo- whole holocrine glands, whose secretions are whole cells
75. humor- a fluid humoral immunity, which involves antibodies circulating
in the blood
76. hyal- clear hyaline cartilage, which has no visible fibers
77. hydr-, hydro- H2O dehydration, loss of body H2O
78. hyster-, hystero- uterus or womb hysterectomy, removal of the uterus;
hysterodynia, pain in the womb
79. ile- intestine ileum, the last portion of the small intestine
80. im- not impermeable, not permitting passage, not permeable
81. inter- between intercellular, between the cells
82. intercal- insert intercalated discs, the end membranes between adjacent cardiac muscle cells
83. intra- within, inside intracellular, inside the cell.
84. juxta- near, close to juxtaglomerular apparatus, a cell cluster next to the glomeruli in the kidneys
85. karyo- kernal nucleus karyotype, the assemblage of the nuclear chromosomes
86. kilo- thousand kilocalories, equivalent to 1000 calories
87. leuko- white leukocyte, white blood cell
88. lingua- tongue lingual tonsil, adjacent to the tongue
89. lip-, lipo- fat, lipid lipophage, a cell that has taken up fat in its cytoplasm
90. lith- stone cholelithiasis, gallstones
91. lumen light lumen, center of a hollow structure
92. lut- yellow corpus luteum, a yellow, hormone-secreting structure in the ovary
93. lymph H2O lymphatic circulation, return of clear fluid to the bloodstream
94. mal- bad, abnormal malfunction, abnormal functioning of an organ
95. mamm- breast mammary gland, breast
96. mast- breast mastectomy, removal of a mammary gland
97. mater mother dura mater, pia mater, membranes that envelop the brain
98. medi- middle medial (directional term)
99. medull- marrow medulla, the middle portion of the kidney, adrenal gland, & lymph node
100. meio- less meiosis, nuclear division that halves the chromosome
101. melan- black melanocytes, which secrete the black pigment melanin
102. meningo- membrane meningitis, inflammation of the membranes of the brain
103. meso- middle mesoderm, middle germ layer
104. meta- beyond, between transition metatarsus, the part of the foot between the tarsus & the phalanges
105. metro- uterus metroscope, instrument for examining the uterus
106. mictur- urinate micturition, the act of voiding the bladder
107. mito- thread, filament mitochondria, small, filament structures located in cells
108. mnem- memory amnesia
109. morpho- form morphology, the study of form & structure of organisms
110. muta- change mutation, change in the base sequence of DNA
111. narco- numbness narcotic, a drug producing stupor or numbed sensations
112. natri- sodium atrial natriuretic factor, a sodium-regulating hormone
113. necro- death necrosis, tissue death
114. neo- new neoplasm, an abnormal growth
115. nephro- kidney nephritis, inflammation of the kidney
116. neuro- nerve neurophysiology, the physiology of the nervous system
117. noci- harmful nociceptors, receptors for pain
118. noto- back notochord, the embryonic structure that precedes the vertebral column
119. nutri- feed, nourish nutrition
120. ob- before, against obstruction, impeding or blocking up
121. oculo- eye monocular, pertaining to one eye
122. olfact- smell olfactory nerves
123. onco- a mass oncology, study of cancer
124. oo- egg oocyte, precursor of female gamete
125. ophthalmo- eye ophthalmology, the study of the eyes & related diseases
126. orb- circular orbicularis oculi, muscle that encircles the eye
127. orchi- testis cryptorchidism, failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum
128. osmo- pushing osmosis
129. osteo- bone osteodermia, bony formations in the skin
130. oto- ear otoscope, a device for examining the ear
131. ov-, ovi- egg ovum, oviduct
132. oxy- oxygen oxygenation, the saturation of a substance with oxygen
133. papill- nipple dermal papillae, projections of the dermis into the epidermal area
134. para- beside, near paraphrenitis, inflammation of tissues adjacent to the diaphragm
135. pect-, pectus breast pectoralis major, a large chest muscle
136. peni- a tail penis; penile urethra
137. pent- five pentose, a 5-carbon sugar
138. pep-, peps-, pept- digest pepsin, a digestive enzyme of the stomach; peptic ulcer
139. peri- around perianal, situated around the anus
140. phleb- vein phlebitis, inflammation of the veins
141. pneumo air, wind pneumothorax, air in the thoracic cavity
142. pod- foot podiatry, the treatment of foot disorders
143. pre-, pro- before, ahead of prenatal, before birth
144. procto- rectum, anus proctoscope, an instrument for examining the rectum
145. pseudo- false pseudotumor, a false tumor
146. pulmo- lung pulmonary artery, which brings blood to the lungs
147. re- back, again reinfect
148. rect- straight rectus abdominis, rectum
149. ren- kidney renal, renin, an enzyme secreted by the kidney
150. retin, retic- net, network endoplasmic reticulum, a network of membranous sacs within a cell
151. rheum- watery flow, change, or flux rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic fever
152. rhin-, rhino- nose rhinitis, inflammation of the nose
153. ruga- fold, wrinkle rugae, the folds of the stomach, gallbladder, & urinary bladder
154. salta- leap saltatory conduction, the rapid conduction of impulses along myelinated neurons
155. sarco- flesh sarcomere, unit of contraction in skeletal muscle
156. semen seed, sperm semen, the discharge of the male reproductive system
157. semi- half semicircular, having the form of half a circle
158. septum fence nasal septum
159. sero- serum serological tests, which assess blood conditions
160. soma- body somatic nervous system
161. sub- beneath, under sublingual, beneath the tongue
162. sucr- sweet sucrose, table sugar
163. super- above, upon superior, quality or state of being above others or a part
164. supra- above, upon supracondylar, above a condyle
165. sym-, syn- together, with synapse, the region of communication between two neurons
166. synerg- work together synergism
167. systol- contraction systole, contraction of the heart
168. tachy- rapid tachycardia, abnormally rapid heartbeat
169. tact- touch tactile sense
170. telo- the end telophase, the end of mitosis
171. therm- heat thermometer, an instrument used to measure heat
172. thromb- clot thermbocyte; thrombus
173. tono- tension tonicity; hypertonic
174. tox- poison antitoxic, effective against poison
175. trop- turn, change tropic hormones, whose targets are endocrine glands
176. troph- nourish trophoblast, from which develops the fetal portion of the placenta
177. vitre- glass vitreous humor, the clear jelly of the eye
178. viv- live in vivo
179. zyg- a yoke, twin zygote
180. -ac referring to cardiac, referring to the heart
181. -clast break osteoclast, a cell which dissolves bone matrix
182. -ectomy cutting out, surgical removal appendectomy, cutting out of the appendix
183. -graph an instrument used for recording data or writing electrocardiograph, an electrocardiogram
184. -ism condition hyperthyroidism
185. -itis inflammation gastritis, inflammation of the stomach
186. -lemma sheath, husk sarcolemma, the plasma membrane of a muscle cell
187. -malacia soft osteomalacis, a process leading to bone softening
188. -oma tumor lymphoma, a tumor of the lymphatic tissues
189. -pathy disease osteopathy, any disease of the bone
190. -phil, -philo like, love hydrophilic, H2O-attracting molecules
191. -phobia fear acrophobia, fear of heights
192. -phragm partition diaphragm, which separates the thoracic & abdominal cavities
193. -plegia paralysis paraplegia, paralysis of the lower half of the body orlimbs
194. -rrhea flow or discharge diarrhea, abnormal emptying of the bowels
195. -scope instrument used for examination stethoscope, instrument used to listen to sounds of parts of the body
196. -some body chromosome
197. -stalsis compression peristalsis, muscular contractions that propel food along the digestive tract
198. -stasis arrest, fixation hemostasis, arrest of bleeding
199. -stitia come to stand interstitial fluid, between the cells
-tomy to cut appendectomy, surgical removal of the appendix
-ty condition of, state immunity, condition of being resistant to infection or disease
202. -uria urine polyuria, passage of an excessive amount of urine
capill- hair blood & lymph capillaries
caput- head decapitate, remove the head
carcin- cancer carcinogen, a cancer-causing agent
cardi, cardio- heart cardiotoxic, harmful to the heart
cata- down catabolism, chemical breakdown
caud- tail caudal (directional term)
cephal- head cephalometer, an instrument for measuring the head
cerebro- brain, especially the cerebrum cerebrospinal, pertaining to the brain & spinal cord
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1 relax for a few min!!!!
cervic-, cervix neck cervix of the uterus
chiasm- crossing optic chiasma, where optic nerves cross
chole- bile cholesterol; cholecystokinin, a bile-secreting hormone
chondr- cartilage chondrogenic, giving rise to cartilage
circum- around circumnuclear, surrounding the nucleus
cochlea snail shell the cochlea of the inner ear, which is coiled like a snail shell
contra- against contraceptive, agent preventing conception
cutic- skin cuticle of the nail
cyan- blue cyanosis, blue color of the skin due to lack of O2
cyst- sac, bladder cystitis, inflammation of the urinary bladder
derm- skin dermis, deep layer of the skin
dia- through, between diaphragm, the wall through or between two areas
dialys- separate, break apart kidney dialysis, in which waste products are removed from the blood
diastol- stand apart cardiac diastole, between successive contractions of the heart
diure- urinate diuretic, a drug that increases urine output
45. duc-, duct lead, draw ductus deferens which carries sperm from the
epididymus into the urethra during ejaculation
46. ectop- displaced ectopic pregnancy; ectopic focus for initiation of heart
contraction
47. edem- swelling edema, accumulation of H2O in body tissues
48. ef- away efferent nerve fibers, which carry impulses away from the
central nervous system
49. ejac- to shoot forth ejaculation of semen
50. embol- wedge embolus, an obstructive object traveling in the bloodstream
51. enceph- brain encephalitis, inflammation of the brain
52. endo- within, inner endocytosis, taking particles into a cell
53. entero- intestine enterologist, one who specializes in the study of
intestinal disorders
54. epi- over, above epidermis, outer layer of skin
55. erythr- red erythema, redness of the skin; erythrocyte, red blood cell
56. eu- well euesthesia, a normal state of the senses
57. excret separate excretory system
58. ferr- iron transferrin, ferritin, both iron-storage proteins
59. folli- bag, bellows hair follicle
60. foram- opening foramen magnum of the skull
61. gam-, gamet- married, spouse gametes, the sex cells
62. gastr- stomach gastrin, a hormone that influences gastric acid secretion
63. glauc- gray glaucoma, which causes gradual blindness
64. glom- ball glomeruli, clusters of capillaries in the kidneys
65. glosso- tongue glossopathy, any disease of the tongue
66. gluco-, glyco- sugar. gluconeogenesis, the production of glucose from
noncarbohydrate molecules
67. gon-, gono- seed, offspring gonads, the sex organs
68. gust- taste gustatory sense, the sense of taste
69. hema-, hemato-, hemo- - blood hematocyst, a cyst containing blood
70. hemi- half hemiglossal, pertaining to one-half of the tongue
71. hepat- liver hepatitis, inflammation of the liver
72. hetero- different or other heterosexuality, sexual desire for a person of the opposite sex
73. hist- tissue histology, the study of tissues
74. holo- whole holocrine glands, whose secretions are whole cells
75. humor- - a fluid humoral immunity, which involves antibodies circulating in the blood
76. hyal- clear hyaline cartilage, which has no visible fibers
77. hydr-, hydro- H2O dehydration, loss of body H2O
78. hyster-, hystero- uterus or womb hysterectomy, removal of the uterus;hysterodynia, pain in the womb
79. ile- intestine ileum, the last portion of the small intestine
80. im- not impermeable, not permitting passage, not permeable
81. inter- between intercellular, between the cells
82. intercal- insert intercalated discs, the end membranes between adjacent cardiac muscle cells
83. intra- within, inside intracellular, inside the cell.
84. juxta- near, close to juxtaglomerular apparatus, a cell cluster next to the glomeruli in the kidneys
85. karyo- kernal nucleus karyotype, the assemblage of the nuclear chromosomes
86. kilo- thousand kilocalories, equivalent to 1000 calories
87. leuko- white leukocyte, white blood cell
88. lingua- tongue lingual tonsil, adjacent to the tongue
89. lip-, lipo- fat, lipid lipophage, a cell that has taken up fat in its cytoplasm
90. lith- stone cholelithiasis, gallstones
91. lumen light lumen, center of a hollow structure
92. lut- yellow corpus luteum, a yellow, hormone-secreting structure in the ovary
93. lymph H2O lymphatic circulation, return of clear fluid to the bloodstream
94. mal- bad, abnormal malfunction, abnormal functioning of an organ
95. mamm- breast mammary gland, breast
96. mast- breast mastectomy, removal of a mammary gland
97. mater mother dura mater, pia mater, membranes that envelop the brain
98. medi- middle medial (directional term)
99. medull- marrow medulla, the middle portion of the kidney, adrenal gland, & lymph node
100. meio- less meiosis, nuclear division that halves the chromosome
101. melan- black melanocytes, which secrete the black pigment melanin
102. meningo- membrane meningitis, inflammation of the membranes of the brain
103. meso- middle mesoderm, middle germ layer
104. meta- beyond, between transition metatarsus, the part of the foot between the tarsus & the phalanges
105. metro- uterus metroscope, instrument for examining the uterus
106. mictur- urinate micturition, the act of voiding the bladder
107. mito- thread, filament mitochondria, small, filament structures located in cells
108. mnem- memory amnesia
109. morpho- form morphology, the study of form & structure of organisms
110. muta- change mutation, change in the base sequence of DNA
111. narco- numbness narcotic, a drug producing stupor or numbed sensations
112. natri- sodium atrial natriuretic factor, a sodium-regulating hormone
113. necro- death necrosis, tissue death
114. neo- new neoplasm, an abnormal growth
115. nephro- kidney nephritis, inflammation of the kidney
116. neuro- nerve neurophysiology, the physiology of the nervous system
117. noci- harmful nociceptors, receptors for pain
118. noto- back notochord, the embryonic structure that precedes the vertebral column
119. nutri- feed, nourish nutrition
120. ob- before, against obstruction, impeding or blocking up
121. oculo- eye monocular, pertaining to one eye
122. olfact- smell olfactory nerves
123. onco- a mass oncology, study of cancer
124. oo- egg oocyte, precursor of female gamete
125. ophthalmo- eye ophthalmology, the study of the eyes & related diseases
126. orb- circular orbicularis oculi, muscle that encircles the eye
127. orchi- testis cryptorchidism, failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum
128. osmo- pushing osmosis
129. osteo- bone osteodermia, bony formations in the skin
130. oto- ear otoscope, a device for examining the ear
131. ov-, ovi- egg ovum, oviduct
132. oxy- oxygen oxygenation, the saturation of a substance with oxygen
133. papill- nipple dermal papillae, projections of the dermis into the epidermal area
134. para- beside, near paraphrenitis, inflammation of tissues adjacent to the diaphragm
135. pect-, pectus breast pectoralis major, a large chest muscle
136. peni- a tail penis; penile urethra
137. pent- five pentose, a 5-carbon sugar
138. pep-, peps-, pept- digest pepsin, a digestive enzyme of the stomach; peptic ulcer
139. peri- around perianal, situated around the anus
140. phleb- vein phlebitis, inflammation of the veins
141. pneumo air, wind pneumothorax, air in the thoracic cavity
142. pod- foot podiatry, the treatment of foot disorders
143. pre-, pro- before, ahead of prenatal, before birth
144. procto- rectum, anus proctoscope, an instrument for examining the rectum
145. pseudo- false pseudotumor, a false tumor
146. pulmo- lung pulmonary artery, which brings blood to the lungs
147. re- back, again reinfect
148. rect- straight rectus abdominis, rectum
149. ren- kidney renal, renin, an enzyme secreted by the kidney
150. retin, retic- net, network endoplasmic reticulum, a network of membranous sacs within a cell
151. rheum- watery flow, change, or flux rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic fever
152. rhin-, rhino- nose rhinitis, inflammation of the nose
153. ruga- fold, wrinkle rugae, the folds of the stomach, gallbladder, & urinary bladder
154. salta- leap saltatory conduction, the rapid conduction of impulses along myelinated neurons
155. sarco- flesh sarcomere, unit of contraction in skeletal muscle
156. semen seed, sperm semen, the discharge of the male reproductive system
157. semi- half semicircular, having the form of half a circle
158. septum fence nasal septum
159. sero- serum serological tests, which assess blood conditions
160. soma- body somatic nervous system
161. sub- beneath, under sublingual, beneath the tongue
162. sucr- sweet sucrose, table sugar
163. super- above, upon superior, quality or state of being above others or a part
164. supra- above, upon supracondylar, above a condyle
165. sym-, syn- together, with synapse, the region of communication between two neurons
166. synerg- work together synergism
167. systol- contraction systole, contraction of the heart
168. tachy- rapid tachycardia, abnormally rapid heartbeat
169. tact- touch tactile sense
170. telo- the end telophase, the end of mitosis
171. therm- heat thermometer, an instrument used to measure heat
172. thromb- clot thermbocyte; thrombus
173. tono- tension tonicity; hypertonic
174. tox- poison antitoxic, effective against poison
175. trop- turn, change tropic hormones, whose targets are endocrine glands
176. troph- nourish trophoblast, from which develops the fetal portion of the placenta
177. vitre- glass vitreous humor, the clear jelly of the eye
178. viv- live in vivo
179. zyg- a yoke, twin zygote
180. -ac referring to cardiac, referring to the heart
181. -clast break osteoclast, a cell which dissolves bone matrix
182. -ectomy cutting out, surgical removal appendectomy, cutting out of the appendix
183. -graph an instrument used for recording data or writing electrocardiograph, an electrocardiogram
184. -ism condition hyperthyroidism
185. -itis inflammation gastritis, inflammation of the stomach
186. -lemma sheath, husk sarcolemma, the plasma membrane of a muscle cell
187. -malacia soft osteomalacis, a process leading to bone softening
188. -oma tumor lymphoma, a tumor of the lymphatic tissues
189. -pathy disease osteopathy, any disease of the bone
190. -phil, -philo like, love hydrophilic, H2O-attracting molecules
191. -phobia fear acrophobia, fear of heights
192. -phragm partition diaphragm, which separates the thoracic & abdominal cavities
193. -plegia paralysis paraplegia, paralysis of the lower half of the body orlimbs
194. -rrhea flow or discharge diarrhea, abnormal emptying of the bowels
195. -scope instrument used for examination stethoscope, instrument used to listen to sounds of parts of the body
196. -some body chromosome
197. -stalsis compression peristalsis, muscular contractions that propel food along the digestive tract
198. -stasis arrest, fixation hemostasis, arrest of bleeding
199. -stitia come to stand interstitial fluid, between the cells
-tomy to cut appendectomy, surgical removal of the appendix
-ty condition of, state immunity, condition of being resistant to infection or disease
202. -uria urine polyuria, passage of an excessive amount of urine
bucco cheek buccolabial, pertaining to the cheek & lip
Created by: mzamora718