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Skelton Ch. 6

skeletal system

QuestionAnswer
What cartilage acts as an shock absorber between bones and joints Articular Cartilage
Hard bone dissolves creating Spongy bone
Baby's soft spot Fontanel
Another name for a long bone shaft Diaphysis
Filled with yellow bone marrow made mostly of fat Medullary Canal
Cells that deposit new bone Osteoblasts
Cells that secrete enzymes Osteoclasts
Tough fibrous tissue containing blood vessels, lymph vessels and nerves Periosteum
Eighth week of embryonic development Ossification
Average growth continues to about_____ in females 18 years
Average growth continues to about _____ in males 20 or 21 years
End of the bone Epiphysis
How many bones are in the skull 22
How many are on the cranium 8
How many indivdual bonesin the skeletal system 206
The longest and strongest bone in the body Femur
A wedge shaped bone Sacrum
Cervical vertebrae is located in the Atlas
Tailbone Coccyx
Finger bones Phalanges
Collar bone Clavicle
Upper arm bone Humerus
Bone running the side of thumb Radius
Bone running the side far side of arm Ulna
Wrist bone Carpals
Shoulder bones Scapulae
Three ribs true rib, false rib and floating rib
Ankle Tarsal
Kneecap Patella
Partially moveable joints Amphiarthroses
Immovable joints by tough, fibrous conective tissues Synarthroses
Palmer surface Metacarpals
Upper extremities including shoulder, arms, wrists and hands Appendicular Skeleton
Skull, Spinal column, ribs, sternum and hyoid bone Axial Skeleton
Created by: rochon0276