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TCC Fuh ch 1

Basic Anatomy Vocabulary Terms

QuestionAnswer
1. Anterior Front Belly
2. Ventral belly side (equivalent to anterior when referring to human body)
3. Posterior back, behind
4. Dorsal the back (equivalent to posterior when referring to human body)
5. Cranial toward the head
6. Cephalic same as cranial
7. Superior above, at a higher level (in human body toward the head)
8. Caudal toward the tail (coccyx in humans)
9. Inferior below, at a lower level, toward the feet
10. Medial toward the midline (the longitudinal axis of the body)
11. Lateral away from the midline (away from the long axis)
12. Proximal toward an attached bone
13. Distal away from an attached base
14. Superficial at, near, or relatively close to the body surface
15. Deep toward the inferior of the body, farther from the surface
16. Sagittal Divides the body in half parallel to the long axis (MRI)
17. Transverse (cross-section) Divides the body in half at a right angle to the long axis (MRI, CT).
18. Coronal (frontal plane) Parallel with the longitudinal axis of the body and divides the body in anterior and posterior parts
19. Circumduction A portion of the object remains stationary while the object held at an angle less than 90 degrees makes a complete circle.
20. Rotation A tip or part of an object remains stationary while the angle of the shaft remains unchanged as the shaft spins around its longitudinal axis
21. Abduction Movement away from the longitudinal axis of the body in the frontal plane. For ex. Arm moving away from the body
22. Adduction Movement towards the longitudinal axis of the body in the frontal plane. For ex. Arm is moving towards the body.
23. Flexion Movement in the anterior and posterior plane that reduces the angle between the articulating joints. Ex. Head bending forward.
24. Extension Movement in the anterior and posterior plane that increases the angle between the articulating joints. Ex. Head bending backward
25. Internal rotation (medial rotation) Limb rotates inward, toward the ventral surface of the body.
26. External rotation (lateral rotation) Limb rotates outward, toward the posterior surface of the body.
27. Pronation The motion of the wrist and palm to face downward
28. Supination The motion of the wrist and palm to face upward
29. Eversion Twisting motion of the foot that turns the sole outward
30. Inversion Twisting motion of the foot that turns the sole of the foot inward.
31. Dorsiflexion Ankle flexion that elevates the distal portion of the foot and toes toward the leg. Note: Dorsiflexion only applies to movement at the ankle and excludes any toe movements.
32. Plantar flexion Ankle extension that elevates the heel and proximal portion of the foot. Note: Plantar flexion only applies to movement at the ankle and excludes any toe movements.
33. Lateral flexion Specific movement that causes the vertebral column to bend side to side.
34. Protraction Moving a part of the body anteriorly in the horizontal plane. Ex. Head coming forward (Forward head posture)
35. Retraction Moving a part of the body posteriorly in the horizontal plane (Ex Head moving back).
36. a Without
37. Adeno Gland
38. Arthro Joint
39. Brachi Arm
40. Chondro Cartilage
41. End, endo Inside
42. Epi On
43. Infra Beneath, Below
44. Inter Between
45. Intra Within
46. -Itis Inflammation
47. Hepato Liver
48. Histo Tissue
49. Myo Muscle
50. Neur, neuro Nerve
51. Odont Tooth
52. Oligo Few, Little
53. -Oma Swelling
54. Peri Around
55. Supra Above
56. –Tomy To Cut
Created by: sarah.teacher36
 

 



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