click below

click below

Normal Size Small Size show me how

# SHSAT Vocabulary

Question | Answer |
---|---|

integer | any positive or negative whole number |

consecutive integers | any continuous set of positive or negative integers |

factor | any positive integer that can be divided easily into a larger one with no remainder |

multiple | if a is a factor of b, then b is a multiple of a |

prime number | a number whose sole factors are the number itself and 1 |

composite number | a positive integer with more than two different factors |

greatest common factor (GCF) | largest positive integer that is a factor of two numbers |

least common multiple (LCM) | smallest positive integer having any two larger integers as factors |

exponent | a^x |

square root | any number that, when squared, forms a larger nuber that the original number can be divided into with no remainder |

PEMDAS/GEMDAS | order of operations |

average | the sum of the values divided by the number of values |

median | the middle value in a set of numbers when placed in asscending or descending order |

mode | a value occurring most frequently in a set of numbers |

absolute value | a numbers distance from zero on a number line |

sum of a triangles interior angles | 180 |

sum of any two sides of a triangle | AB+BC>AC |

Pythagorean Theorem | a^2+b^2+c^2 |

angle measure of a staight line | 180 |

circumference | C=πd OR C=2πr |

area of a circle | A=πr^2 |

perimeter | 2l+2w |

area of a square/rectangle | A=lw |

area of a triangle | A=1/2bh |

area of a trapezoid | A=1/2h(b1+b2) |

volume of a rectangular solid | V=lwh |

transitional clues (more of the same) | also, for example, moreover, indeed, likewise, similarly, therefore, in fact, as a result |

transitional clues (contrast) | althought, however, even so, on the contrary, nevertheless, otherwise |

Logic Principle 2: Draw Conclusions | If p-->q and q-->r,we can conclude that p-->r |

Logic Principle 1: Contrapositive | If a-->b, than only ~a-->~b can be valid |

sum, more than, total | + |

product, times, of | x |

quotient, ratio, over | ÷ or / |