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ATLS - Ch 5

Abdominal and Pelvic Trauma

Letter in blunt abdominal trauma C-Circulation (occult hemorrhage)
Abdomen partially enclosed by lower thorax
Borders of anterior abdomen 1-transnipple line TO inguinal ligaments & symphysis pubis 2-anterior axillary lines
Borders of flanks 1-anterior TO posterior axillary lines 2-sixth IC space TO iliac crests
Borders of back 1-posterior TO posterior axillary lines 2-tip of scapulae TO iliac crests
Three regions of abdomen 1-peritoneal cavity 2-retroperitoneal space 3-pelvic cavity
Contents of upper peritoneal cavity (5) diaphragm, liver, spleen, stomach, transverse colon
Contents of lower peritoneal cavity (6) small bowel, parts of ascending & descending colon, sigmoid colon, uterus, ovaries
Contents of retroperitoneal space (8) abdominal aorta, IVC, most of duodenum, pancreas, kidneys, ureters, posterior ascending & descending colon, retroperitoneal parts of pelvic cavity
Is the retroperitoneal space sampled by DPL? no
Contents of pelvic cavity (5) rectum, bladder, iliac vessels, uterus, ovaries
Exam of pelvic cavity limited by overlying bones
Blunt forces to abdomen and pelvis can cause (3) 1-rupture and hemorrhage 2-contamination 3-peritonitis
Created by: tcrouch2000