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Blood Chemistry

Serum testing tests and results (reference ranges may vary slightly per source)

ALT (Alanine aminotransferase) to detect liver disease <45U/L
Albumin (protein) to assess kidney function 3.5-5 g/dL
ALP (Alkaline phosphatase to detect liver and bone disease 20-70 U/L
AST (Aspartate aminotransferase to detect tissue damage <40 U/L
BUN (Blood urea nitrogen) to detect renal disease 7-18 mg/dL; 205-6.4 mmol/L
CA (Calcium) to assess parathyroid function and calcium metabolism 8.4-10.2 mg/dL; 2.1-6.4 mmol/L
Cl (Chloride to determine acid-base and water balance (electrolyte) 98-106 mmol/L
Cholesterol (lipid)screening for atherosclerosis related to heart disease Total: < 200 mg/dL LDL (bad cholesterol): < 130 mg/dL HDL (good cholesterol): > 35 mg/dL
CPK (creatinine phosphokinase) to assess source of muscle damage such as myocardial infarct Specific to testing method used
Creatinine to screen for renal function 0.2-0.8 mg/dL
Ferritin to detect amount of iron stored in the body 20-50 mg/mL
GGT (Gamma glutamuyltransferase)to detect liver disease 0-45 U/L
Globulin to detect abnormalities in protein synthesis and removal Varies according to type
FBS (Glucose, fasting) to detect disorders of glucose metabolism as in diabetes mellitus 70-100 mg/dl
Glucose random non fasting Depends upon what the patient has eaten and how long it has been since ingestion but generally determined that it should not exceed 135-140 mg/dL
Fe (Iron) to assis in diagnosis of anemia 35-140 mcg/dL
LDH (lactate dehydrogenase) to assist in confirmation of mycardial or pulmonary infarct <240 U/L
pH to assess acidity or alkalinity of blood 7.34-7.45 (recall that this is slightly alkaline on the pH scale of 7-14 with 7 being neutral, below 7 acidic and above 7 alkaline or basic)
Phosphorus to assist in evaluation of calcium levels and to detect endocrine system disorders 3-4.5 mg/dL
K (Potassium)to assist in diagnosis of acid base and water balance (electrolyte) 3.5-5.1 mmol/L
Na (Sodium) to assist in diagnosis of acid-base and water balance (electrolyte) 135-146 mmol/L
Total bilirubin to evalutate liver function and to aid in Dx of anemia 0.2-1 mg/dL
TIBC (Total iron-binding capacity) to measure the potential to transport iron 6-8 g/dL
Troponin I and T to aid in Dx of myocardial infarct <0.4
TSH (Thyroid stimulating hormone) to assess thyroid and pituitary gland function 5-6 mU/L
T4 (Thyroxine) to assess thyroid function 5-12 mcg/dL
Triglycerides to screen for atherosclerosis related to heart disease 30-190 mg/dL
T3 (Triiodothyronine) to assess thyroid function 27-47%
Uric Acid to evaluate renal failure, gout and leukemia Male: 3.4-7 mg/dL Female: 2.4-6 mg/dL
Created by: cskinner